<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

3. The European Renaissance (re-awakening)

  • Many European countries became wealthy as a result of the spice trade, and paid academics and students a great deal of money to do research. The research results were applied to establish products of a better quality, better financial services and a higher standard of education. These countries developed rapidly, but they did not pass their knowledge and expertise to the colonies.
  • Poor people were used to manufacture and produce goods, but they were paid very low wages. These products were sold back to the local people of the colonies from where the raw materials had initially been taken.
  • The income of the countries from which the raw materials had been taken – the colonies – was not increased, while the colonial powers, the European countries to which the colonies belonged, grew richer. Europe became wealthier as time went by, while the indigenous people of the colonies became more and more impoverished. The living conditions in the European cities improved greatly and both medical and educational services were of a very high standard.
  • By now you will have realised that the withdrawal of the colonists caused a tremendous need for development.

Activity 1:

To discuss the possible consequences of high medical and educational standards

[lo 3.2]

  • In your groups, discuss the advantages of a high standard of medical and educational services for a community. Think widely and consider the long-term effects of such quality services. Provide feedback to the class and compile a list of advantages.

4. The Industrial Revolution

  • As Europe became increasingly powerful economically and financially, more and more machines were developed to do the work in factories faster and on a greater scale. The machines brought about a total revolution in the field of industry. Now, less human labour was needed, and the machines were able to manufacture the goods much more cheaply than before. The machines provided cheaper labour than the workers in the colonies and other countries had previously been able to do.
  • England and other European countries took steel out of the African colonies, used it to mass-produce products and then exported these products to the colonies and other countries. In this way the inhabitants of the colonies bought products that had been manufactured from their own raw materials, and for which they had received no compensation.

5. Climate

  • Another factor that can contribute to poverty is the influence that climatic conditions have on people.

Activity 2:

To investigate access to rain water as a resource

[lo 2.2]

Consult physical maps of Africa on which climate zones and average annual rainfall figures are indicated. Try to determine what percentage of Africa is made up of desert and semi-desert areas. Then decide if an aspect of Africa’s problems may be ascribed to low or unreliable rainfall.

Percentage of Africa that is desert or semi-desert:


________ %

6.population growth as part of africa’s problem

The population of Africa, south of the Sahara, is growing too fast. According to one calculation, there will be a ten-fold increase in the continent’s population between the years 1950 and 2050!

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11000/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Geography grade 6' conversation and receive update notifications?