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Or hostile towards the police? – There was nothing indicating fighting.

You did not see any weapons carried by members of the crowd? – Not a single one.

At the time you were there at the Police Station amongst the crowd, did you notice any aeroplanes flying over?– Yes, they did. A few would come and thereafter a few again, and so forth.

Did they dive low over the crowd? – Yes, they did. There were youngsters that were throwing their hats at these aeroplanes – ‘Hoorah! Hoorah!’ – flinging their hats up.

And how did you interpret that gesture of throwing their hats into the air and shouting ‘Hoorah!’? – They were enjoying it.

When you went after the shooting to these bodies, did you see any clothing lying about on the ground – hats or shoes?” – There were a number of shoes and hats.

SOURCE H: EXTRACT OF LECHAEL MUSIBI’S EVIDENCE before the Court of Enquiry, Sharpeville shooting:

Examined by Mr. Kentridge:

You are the school teacher in Sharpeville, are you not? – Yes.

On that day, did the children come to school? – No, they did not come to school.

What did you hear from the people? – I heard that some of the Pan-African members had organised that the people should not go to work.

Now, some time after one o’clock did you leave your house? – Yes, I did leave my house when it was one, or just after one o’clock.

Where were you cycling to? – I was cycling to school, to go and fetch my books there.

At that time, as you got within hearing distance can you describe to me what the mood of the crowd was as you saw it? – The mood of the crowd, as I saw them, was very calm. They were just idling – as if they were anxious to get to the Police Station; that is the impression I got.

Did you hear any shouting? – No shouting.

Cross-examiniation by Mr Louw:

Did you hear much singing there? – Yes they were singing.

What were they singing? – Christian songs.

What other songs did they sing? – They were singing’Abide with Me’.

SOURCE I: Chief Albert Luthuli’s poster – appealing for a day of mourning.

CHIEF LUTHULI

Calls upon you to:

MOURN THE VICTIMS OF POLICE VIOLENCE.

PROTEST AGAINST POLICE KILLINGS.

PROTEST AT THE PASS LAWS

STAY AT HOME FOR ONE DAY MONDAY 28 TH MARCH 1960

(Sources D , E , G , H and I are quoted from: C. PEARCE and S. KARABATSOS REPRESENTATIONS OF 20 TH CENTURY HISTORY

Lo 2 the learner is able to demonstrate historical knowledge and understanding.

1 . Study Sources A and C. What was the cause of the Sharpeville incident?

2 . Study Sources G and H. What is the similarity in Maja’s and Musibi’s description of the mood of the crowd?

Lo 1the learner is able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.

3 . Study Source A. What do you understand by ‘The shooting was universally condemned’? Motivate your answer with evidence from the source.

4 . Study Source C. Explain why the post mortem proved that the dead had bullet wounds in their backs. Is it an indication that they were running towards or away from the police?

5 . Were Mr Maja and Mr Musibi in a good position to describe the mood of the crowd? Motivate your answer with evidence from the sources.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
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Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
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Yasmin
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Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11063/1.1
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