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English first additional language

Grade 8

Entrepreneurship: wheels can give you wings!

Module 10

Oral project

Activity 1:


[lo 2.4]

Read the following newspaper article closely:

Petro Lubben was a young man who found himself facing a major crisis.

Showing a great deal of courage and enterprise, he chose an extraordinary way to solve his problems .

Problems are Opportunities in Disguise

1. When a German baker ran out of dough, he decided that the best way he could handle this crisis was to follow a dream! So he put aside his rolling pin, dusted the flour off his arms, bought a bicycle and set off on a tour of the world.

2. Confectioner Petro Lubben enjoyed his work in a Bremen bakery. He loved making pastry and cakes. Then the bakery, which specialised in “health” confectionery, went bankrupt.

3. The months that followed were not easy. Petro was twenty-eight and disillusioned: he had lost his job and had no steady income. Petro was facing a crisis! He spent several months at home before deciding to use all his savings to buy a touring bicycle and travel the world.

4. On March 15 1986 he made up his mind. He said good-bye to his family and friends and set out on his 40 000 km journey to Cape Town. It was a journey that would test his mental and physical reserves to the limit.

5. It was spring when Petro set off. He cycled through France, Portugal and Spain and reached Gibraltar, the stepping-stone to Africa.

6. “The African continent lay before me, an exciting but huge challenge,” he said.

7. He landed in Tangier, Morocco, and almost immediately came face to face with a knife-wielding bandit, who tried to rob him. Passers-by ran to help him and the ruffian fled.

8. “Strangely enough that was the first and last time I was in danger from a human-being,” he said when he eventually reached Cape Town. After Morocco, the adversaries he had to face were the Sahara desert, malaria, hepatitis and punctures.

9. His trip through the Sahara was gruelling; he spent 24 days pushing his bicycle. If it had not been for other travellers in vehicles he would have died of thirst.

10. Jungle roads, sandy tracks, the remnants of tarred roads ... these all passed under his wheels as he pedalled slowly through Central Africa.

11. Wherever he could, he worked to earn money. In Gabon he drove a truck for an oil company for a month. In Zimbabwe he became a sculptor; using the soft, local serpentine stone to carve objects which he was able to sell.

12. At last he reached Namibia where he took his longest break. Apart from working in a bakery, he spent several weeks photographing the splendid scenery and the indigenous people. Then, taking the West Coast route, he left Namibia for South Africa.

13. “From afar I could see your famous Table Mountain,” Petro said when he arrived in Cape Town on August 6, 1990. “I felt a tremendous excitement - it drew me like a magnet!”

14. After four years - 40 650 km and 18 countries later - he had eventually completed his journey through Africa.

Adapted from an article in Cape Argus 1 September 1990

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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