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Social sciences

Geography

Grade 9

Sustainable utilisation of resources

Module 8

The production of waste materials

In South Africa, 42 million cubic metres of waste material is generated in a year. The largest portion of this material is produced in Gauteng. The average amount of waste material produced per person per day in South Africa is 0,7kg. The sector that contributes most to this stream of solid waste is the mining industry. They contribute 72,3% of the solid waste material. After this, fuel contributes 6,7% of the solid waste. Agricultural waste contributes 6,1%, while waste from urban areas amounts to 4,5% of the total. Sewerage amounts to 3,6% of the solid waste.

Such high levels of waste material and pollution are cause for concern. A large amount of the dangerous waste (such as chemical materials) are not treated or disposed of properly. Only 5% of the 5 million cubic metres of chemical waste that is produced eventually reaches the dangerous waste-disposal sites.

Activity:

To identify ways of disposing waste

[lo 2.2]

On your own:

Study the table below and identify the safest methods that can be utilised to dispose of waste materials. Just place mark the correct column with X to indicate your choice:

TYPE OF WASTE REFUSE DUMP REFUSE DUMP SPECIAL FACILITY
Cans and vegetable skins
Sewerage
Industrial acids and poisons
Old oils and lubricants

Assessment

Learning outcomes(LO)

LO 1

GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH The learner can apply research skills to study geographical and environmental concepts and processes.

Assessment standards(AS)

This is clear when the learner:

1.3 analyses and makes inferences from sources such as photo’s, maps, atlases, graphs and statistics [working with sources];

1.5 recognises information in the field and records it [working with sources].

LO 2

GEOGRAPHICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING The learner can demonstrate geographical and environmental knowledge and understanding.

This is clear when the learner:

2.2 identifies ways in which Science and Technology have a positive and a negative influence on development [people and resources].

Memorandum

ACTIVITY:

ALL : Special dumping site

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11057/1.1
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