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Natural sciences grade 8

Energy: electricity, heat and light

Module 1: energy to begin

Energy is derived mainly from the sun and is available to us in various forms.

Some facts concerning energy:

  • Energy is the capacity for doing work . We measure energy in joule (J).
  • There are two main types of energy:
  • The energy of action or motion is known as KINETIC energy
  • The energy of position is known as POTENTIAL energy
  • Energy also occurs in various forms, e.g.:

Chemical energy, which is obtained from chemical substances like petroleum, oil, gas, batteries and foodstuffs;

Electrical energy, which is derived from electricity;

Sound energy, from loudspeakers

Radiant energy, from light and heat. The sun is our largest source of radiant energy.

Nuclear energy , is stored in the nucleus of the atom.

Energy cannot be created or destroyed. It can only be converted from one form to another.

Activity:

To identify the different types of energy

[lo 2.1, lo 2.2, lo 2.4]

Assignment

In the following list, indicate the form of energy that is present:

  1. Car battery
  2. Paraffin stove
  3. Wind-up toy car
  4. Hair drier
  5. Rubber band (shooting)
  6. Radio
  7. Food
  8. A growing plant
  9. Burning candle
  10. Nuclear power station

Assessment of forms of Energy

Were you able to indicate the forms of energy correctly?

[LO 2.2]

Assessment

LO 2: Constructing Science Knowledge:

The learner will know and be able to interpret and apply scientific, technological and environmental knowledge.

This is evident when the learner:

  • recalls meaningful information;
  • categorises information;

2.4 applies knowledge.

Memorandum

Assignment:

1. Car battery – CHEMICAL to ELECTRICAL

2. Paraffin stove - CHEMICAL TO HEAT

3. Wind-up toy car – POTENTIAL TO KINETIC

4. Hair dryer – ELECTRICAL TO HEAT

5. Elastic band (being shot) - POTENTIAL TO KINETIC

6. Radio – ELECTRICAL TO SOUND

7. Food – CHEMICAL TO KINETIC

8. A growing plant – RADIANT TO KINETIC

9. Burning candle – CHEMICAL TO LIGHT AND HEAT

10. Nuclear power station – KINETIC TO ELECTRICAL

  • Explain this to grade 8 with the help of a simple example.
  • It is generally known that the common light bulb provides us with light, but also becomes so hot that it can hardly be touched after a few moments. Approximately 100J of electric energy are converted to light energy AND heat energy within one second. The light energy has the value of about 5J, while the heat equals about 95J.
  • The conversion therefore is as follows:
  • ELECTRIC ENERGY TO LIGHT ENERGY AND HEAT ENERGY
  • A light bulb therefore is altogether uneconomical!
  • If you consider this, you will realise that the food provides the SOURCE OF ENERGY of human beings, but electricity and fuels provide all other aspects of energy. This brings us to the next learning unit.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natural sciences grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11050/1.1
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