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Arts and culture

Grade 6

Creating, interpreting and performing

Module 17

Music: to read simple melodies

Activity 1:

To read simple melodies

[lo 1.6.4]

Step 1

Listen to sections of "I just can't wait to be king " and " Can you feel the love tonight " from The Lion King.

Step 2

Can you sing the following two phrases?

“ I’m gonna be a mighty king, so enemies beware!” and

“ Can you feel the love tonight, the peace the evening brings?”

Step 3

Draw a graph of the two melodies to show how the melody lines ascend and descend (pitch).

I’m gonna be a mighty king, so enemies beware!

Can you feel the love tonight, the peace the evening brings?

Step 4

Give the letter names of the notes on lines: ______________________________

Give the letter names of the notes in the spaces: __________________________

Step 5

Draw graphs of the given notation examples.

(i) Draw graphs of the given notation examples.

Are there any similarities to the graphs in STEP 4?

Step 6

(ii) Choose the correct title for each notation example.

Step 7

(iii) Add the letter names of the notes.

TITEL: ______________________________________________

G raph
L etter names

TITLE: _________________________________________________

G raph
L etter names

Activity 2:

To research hand techniques for the drum

[lo 1.6.3]

Play the Jembe! If there is none available ........

How is sound obtained on string instruments?

  • The string vibrates as soon as the bow is drawn across the string. This causes sound! The longer the string, the lower the sound; the shorter the string, the higher the sound.
  • To shorten or lengthen the strings, move your hand or fingers up and down the string.

How is sound obtained on a brass instrument?

  • As soon as air is blown into the pipe, the air inside vibrates . This causes sound!
  • By opening or covering the holes or valves, the pitch changes.
  • The longer the column of air, the lower the sound; the shorter the column of air, the higher the sound.

How is sound obtained on a drum?

  • The air inside the drum vibrates when the skin of the drum is hit.
  • The pitch is determined by where the skin is hit:

- In the middle - lower sound (base)

- On the side - higher sound (tone)

  • There are various techniques for playing hand drums. It differs from area to area. We shall take a look at the following two possibilities:
  • The following two possibilities will be sufficient:

- With the whole hand , open and flat, (hitting action) in the middle of the skin of the drum; low sound (base).

- With the fingers on the side of the skin of the drum; high sound (tone).

Hand technique Finger technique

Practise the following possibilities:

R L r l
- Right hand (flat hand). - Middle of drum (low sound). - Left hand (flat hand). - Middle of drum (low sound). - Right hand (fingers). - Side of drum (high sound). - Left hand (fingers). - Side of drum (high sound).

Activity 3:

To improvise musical phrases

[lo 1.6.1]

Step 1 (introductory)


Can you decipher AND play the following?

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
l R l r L R l r
l l r L l r
l r l l r l
l R l R
R l r l R l r l

Try to combine the following two patterns

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
R L l r l
l R L R l r
l r l R L
R l r l R l r l
R l R

D ice S ong:



  • The six groups are numbered 1 to 6 (numbers of the dice).
  • Each groups creates a rhythmic pattern (two bars) in quadruple time (a total of eight counts).
  • Decide on the hand techniques you will be using.
  • Decide on the dynamics: loud or soft, crescendo (gradually louder) or diminuendo (gradually softer).
  • PRACTISE the pattern until you know it! Count out aloud.

The composition:

  • The educator throws the dice a few times and then writes the order of the numbers on the board.
  • The groups now play in the order determined by the dice.

e.g. 1 6 4 1 2 5 1

  • This type of music is known as Chance Music , one of the genres of the classical music of the 20 th Century. It has been said that even Mozart sometimes used this method!
  • Do not stop in between! Keep on counting 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 - etc.
  • To end: All the groups can play their patterns together twice. Follow the educator – (s)he will show you how to play faster and louder graduall y in order to end on a final climax. Everyone can end with their hands in the air!


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
CREATING, INTERPRETING AND PRESENTING The learner will be able to create, interpret and present work in each of the art forms.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.6 focuses on music from a variety of South African forms:
  • improvises and creates music phrases with voice and/or instruments that explore dynamics, articulation, pitch and rhythmic patterns;
  • plays simple rhythmic patterns on a drum or equivalent;
  • explores and uses drum hand techniques such as base slap, open slap, muffle;
  • reads and sings or plays the scale and simple melodies in C Major.

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
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RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
what is the stm
Brian Reply
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industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
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What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
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Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
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How can I make nanorobot?
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11007/1.1
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