<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

You depend on the resonating spaces for the quality of sound you produce.

The resonator cavities are the pharynx (throat), the mouth, the nasal passages and sinus cavities.

Breath excites the vocal cords, and the sound gains resonance in these spaces.

Resonance exercise:

  • Stand poised – arms relaxed at your sides.
  • Breathe in and out with your own natural breathing rhythm, a few times.
  • Inhale swiftly and silently through an open mouth.
  • Project your sounds across the room and say aloud ‘one’; inhale, one-two; inhale, one-two-three; and so on, up to ten.


Pitch, or tone, is the quality of the sound you make, the timbre of the voice.

Pitch exercise:

  • Speak the following line of dialogue with your jaw closed, but with your lips open:

I’ve just met a man with a lemon stuck in his ear!

  • The result will be nasal and woolly.
  • Now check that your mouth is open and relaxed.
  • Say the line again.
  • Speak the same line in as deep a voice as you can.
  • It will probably be a harsh gravely sound, because you’ve tucked your chin in and stuck your chest out.
  • Speak the line again, pinching your nostrils.
  • This will produce a comic unrecognisable honk.


Articulation is developed by means of vowels and consonants.

The vowels are: a e i o u

The consonants are the rest of the alphabet.

Exercises for the jaw, lips and tongue

The jaw

  • Waggle only your jaw from side to side, up and down, forwards and backwards.
  • Stretch your lips wide, and then purse them.
  • Push them up as far as possible, then down.
  • Repeat six times.

The tongue

  • Stick out your tongue, then withdraw it – repeat six times.
  • Protrude your tongue as far as possible and rotate it in both directions.
  • Try to touch the tip of your nose with the tip of your tongue.
  • Try to touch the point of your chin with your tongue.
  • With your lips wide open, protrude your tongue and bring up the sides, making it in a tube.
  • Repeat six times.

The sounds

Repeat these sounds as often as you can until you can say them clearly and audibly.

  • Hah Hoo Hah Hee Ha Hoo Hah Hee
  • Mah Nah Moo Noo May Nay Mee Nee
  • PahBah BahPah PahBah Bah Pah
  • KooGoo GooKoo KooGoo GooKoo
  • DayTay DayTay DayTay TayDay


Warming-up is not only being relaxed and having the body and imagination in good shape, but it also means gaining self confidence and getting to know your fellow learners at the same time.

Warm-up 1: Red, Blue, Yellow

  • Place chairs in a circle, leaving a space between each chair, and sit down.
  • Your educator will give each of you in the circle a colour – alternating between red and blue.
  • The purpose of this exercise is to exercise precise movement, with no fuss and in complete silence.
  • On the order red !, all red must rise and move to another chair.
  • On the order blue !, all the blues have to move to another chair.
  • On the order yellow !, everyone moves to another chair.
  • Vary the movement form slow motion to a fast reaction.
  • No contact may be made with other learners.

Activity 2:

To use an african story to develop a drama: the tortoise and the lizard

[lo 1.5]

  • Now that you have warmed up and your voice is fit for peak performance, you are going to create and perform your own drama based on an African story.
  • Your educator will read a story aloud. Listen carefully and picture what you hear in your mind. Try to imagine what the story will look like if you had to see it happen in front of your eyes.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11007/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Arts and culture grade 6' conversation and receive update notifications?