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Grade 5


Module 20

Human resources: production and industry

Activity 1:

To identify patterns in a typical production line

[lo 1.3]

Study the map and answer the questions by underlining the correct words between brackets :

  1. The large truck (15 tons) takes the cabbage to the market in the (big city/small village).
  2. The truck with 8 tons of groceries goes to the (wholesaler in the town/farm store).
  3. The truck from the plantation takes the load of wood to the (sawmill in the town/irrigation farm) where wooden crates are made for vegetables.
  4. The best place for a filling station is at (1/2).
  5. The biggest and best stores are at (3/4).
  6. Unfortunately the noise of the factories disturbs the people at 5/6).
  7. The people at (7/8) walk far on Saturdays to get to the stores.
  8. There are (more/fewer) cars and trucks on road A than on road B.

Activity 2:

To investigate possible causes and results with accompanying solutions

[lo 1.6]

Thinking assignment

Accidents often happen to people who are involved in transporting resources. A train is used for transport, and what else except resources can be transported? People or general freight, or coal, or iron ore, or wheat…

Have you heard of a train that has derailed, and that the accident has been described as a train disaster? The consequences are always bad and cause great damage. People can die or get badly hurt, the train and railway lines are damaged extensively, and one can continue the list.

Read the newspaper article, look at the railway line on the map (figure 1) and think about the consequences of such a big train disaster. Then answer the questions.


Regional reporter

Pretoria: A goods train with large quantities of diesel, toxins and general freight was derailed between Mussina and Polokwane two nights ago. The train bridge across the Sand River was extensively damaged and the railway line will be closed for about six weeks.

The diesel in the twenty tanks caught fire and the toxins seeped into the river. The rest of the freight was also destroyed.

Mr Mike Smit of Spoornet said that rail traffic between South Africa and Zimbabwe would be diverted through Botswana for the next few weeks. This is a detour of about 300 kilometres. Spoornet would bear the additional costs.

The veld fire that broke out is still raging in the thick bush. It is difficult for fire fighters to reach the fire in the mountainous region.

An investigative team from the Department of Nature Conservation leaves Pretoria today to visit the scene of the disaster to investigate the consequences the disaster will have for the environment. The team particularly wants to find out whether there is a link between the large number of fish that died in the Sand River and the toxins that landed in the water.

Describe the possible damage and consequences:

  • Injuries to people and the consequences over a long period:
  • Spoornet’s damage:
  • Damage to the environment:
  • What do you think might have caused such a disaster?

Have another look at the map on page 14 and answer the questions:

  • What type of crossing would be the best where the railway line and road A intersect at the station?
  • What golden safety rule can you make for the children in area 7?
  • You are the first person to see a train disaster that occurs. Name three groups of people that you would report the accident to first.

Activity 3:

To do a case study to illustrate the way in which natural and human resources are interrelated in the economic process

[lo 1.4; 1.7]

  • Study the sketches that explain the steps of production for manufacturing canned peaches and compile a flow diagram to illustrate your understanding of the process. Differentiate between natural and human resources.


LO 1


The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and environmental concepts and processes.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 with guidance, selects and uses sources of useful geographical information [finds sources];

1.2 distinguishes between facts and opinions [works with sources];

1.3 categorises information [works with sources];

1.4 uses an index to find places on global atlas maps [works with sources];

1.6 identifies and explores possible solutions to problems [answers the question];

1.7 demonstrates knowledge and under-standing of the issue through projects, discussion, debate and charts [communicates the answer].



  • Medical claims, new person trained, pay-out to family in case of death
  • Loss of freight, damage to railway lines and train, additional cost for detour
  • Plants and animals die Water flows into the sea – more deaths Fire damage – plants and animals Air pollution
  • Sabotage
  • Bridge / subway
  • Don’t play near a railway line or cross it at an unprotected crossing


  • Peach orchard (N)
  • Pick (M)
  • Package (M)
  • Crate (M)
  • Transport (M)
  • Sort (M)
  • Wash (M)
  • Water (N)
  • Process (N)
  • Tin (Iron) (N)
  • Label (Paper) (N)
  • Distribute (M)
  • Sell (M)
  • Eat (M)

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: geography grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10986/1.2
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