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Social sciences: history

Grade 5

The ancient roman civilization: 5oo b.c. to 500 a.d.

Module 13

The establishment of the empire and the manner of living of its people

Before we begin it is important to understand what an ancient civilisation is.

Those eras which are farthest away from us in time, are referred to as ANCIENT times. Those close to us, are called contemporary.

We speak of a CIVILIZATION when the evidence indicates that the way of life of people of the time show distinct qualities of development and refinement.


This module tells the fascinating story of the Roman Empire – one of the earliest and greatest civilizations ever known! Roman history covers a period of more than 1000 years and extended into most of the known civilizations of that time! However, that's not all. Their unbelievable contribution to society reaches into modern times.

Welcome to the Roman Empire!

Activity 1:

To be aware of various views on the establishment of, and life in rome

[lo 1.3]


In 800 B.C. there were only a few thatched huts on the hills surrounding the Tiber River. Most of the people who lived there were farmers who cultivated wheat, olives and grapes in the fertile valley. In time the villages that developed on the seven hills started trading and eventually united. By 753 B.C. Romulus, according to the legend, founded the city of Rome. The united Roman villages could offer each other protection against attacks, especially from the Etrurians. The people from the different villages also worshipped together.

Thereafter the Empire developed as follows:

In the beginning priests brought sacrifices on behalf of the people. By 50 B.C. the Romans were conquered by the Etrurians, but the Etrurian king was later banished from Rome by the Romans.

After this, the Romans decided never to have a king and Rome became a republic. Two consuls were elected annually to rule over them. The consuls were supported by a senate of older, wise men.

Rome expanded rapidly. Tribes were conquered and a mighty empire was established to the East and the West and in North Africa. The provinces were governed by generals, e.g. Julius Caesar. The consuls eventually lost control over the generals and revolts and wars occurred.

When Julius Caesar attacked Rome in an effort to become king of the Empire, he was stabbed to death by his opponents in the senate hall in 44 B.C. Thus the republic came to an end. In 31 B.C. Octavianus (called Augustus) became the first emperor of the great Roman Empire.

But endless wars eventually brought the mighty Roman Empire to a fall. In A.D. 455 the Empire was attacked and conquered by a strong tribe, the Vandals ...

a) Now you know how the Roman Empire expanded. The following lovely legend tells you how the capital, Rome, received its name ...

Mars, the god of war, had to leave his two sons (Romulus and Remus) in a cradle next to the Tiber River. There a she-wolf found the two babies and fed them with her milk. One day a shepherd found the two babies alone a field. He took them and raised them as his sons. When they became adults, they built a city on the spot where the shepherd found them. The twins had a bitter quarrel one day and Romulus killed Remus. Afterwards Romulus named the city Rome, after himself.

Questions & Answers

what's economic development and growth
Popoola Reply
what do you understand by Ceteris Paribus?
Gabriel Reply
explain the uses of microeconomics
Nikita Reply
uses of microeconomics
Adam Smith's definition of economics
Sylvia Reply
what is economic deficit
this is a situation whereby a nation's outcome or available resources are not enough to the people thereby causing scarcity
prices of Quality demanded is equal to Quality supplied
it's quantity demand and quantity supplied that's called equilibrium
they deal With prices
define the elasticity
explain different types of elasticity
oops 😬 you are right you talk about quality I tell about quantity
elasticity is the measurement of the percentage change of one economic variable in response to a change in another
Cross Elasticity of Demand (XED) Income Elasticity of Demand (YED) Price Elasticity of Supply (PES)
anything else?
I need to know everything about theory of consumer behavior
How does one analyze a market where both demand and supply shift?
Gabriel Reply
That's equilibrium market
but an equlibrum can appear twice on the same market... both in Movement along the Demand/supply curve of shift in the Curve
I Mean on the same curve..
how can consumer surplus be calculated
How can we analyze the effect on demand or supply if multiple factors are changing at the same time—say price rises and income falls? 
Gabriel Reply
because of fall of income, less will be demanded and much will be supply as a result of price rises. Rise in price always motivate new supplier to enter into the system. But it only possible in the short run
yeah.. I think Ceteris Paribus is applied in this case
that is the law of Demand is Inversely related to the law of Supply... so that mean a positive change in demand may produce a negative return to supply I think.
what are the difference between Wants and Needs
Gabriel Reply
When the price is above the equilibrium, explain how market forces move the market price to equilibrium. Do the same when the price is below the equilibrium.
economic problems
yeah please Explain
I don't know this is my question
no it was a mistake...😂😂 can you explain how Wants and needs differs 😌
wants is what human desire but might not need them, human want are mostly articles of ostentatious while need is what human must get to live e.g inferior goods
what's equilibrium price
equilibrium prices is a situation whereby the price of goods supplied equates to the demand
this whereby the prices of quality demanded is equivalent to quality demanded
wants are numerous desire man that man can do without if not purchased e.g. cosmetic while need are desires that you cannot do without e.g. food
equilibrium price is that level of output were quantity demanded is equal to quantity supplied
what are the importance of studying economics
Bherla Reply
To know if the country is growing or not through the country's GDP
to manage our resources
compare base years GDP and the current years GDP
To tell whether a country is growing there are many factors to be considered not necessarily only the GDP due to weaknesses of GDP approach
What is the law of demand
Yaw Reply
price increase demand decrease...price decrease demand increase
ıf the price increase the demand decrease and if the demand increase the price decrease
all other things being equal, an increase in demand causes a decrease in supply and vice versa
how is the economy of usa now
What is demand
jude Reply
Demand is the quantity of goods and services a consumer is willing and able to purchase at various prices over a given period of time.
Okay congratulations I'll join you guys later .
demand is the quantity and quality of goods and services a consumer is willingly and able to purchase at a particular price over a given period of time.
calculate elasticity of income exercises
If potatoes cost Jane $1 per kilogram and she has $5 that could possibly spend on potatoes or other items. If she feels that the first kilogram of potatoes is worth $1.50, the second kilogram is worth$1.14, the third is worth $1.05 and subsequent kilograms are worth $0.30, how many kilograms of potatoes will she purchase? What if she only had $2 to spend?
Susan Reply
cause of poverty in urban
DAVY Reply
QI: (A) Asume the following cost data are for a purely competitive producer: At a product price Of $56. will this firm produce in the short run? Why Why not? If it is preferable to produce, what will be the profit-maximizing Or loss-minimizing Output? Explain. What economic profit or loss will the
Falak Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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