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Social sciences: geography

Grade 6

Climate and vegetation regions of the world

Module 8

The climate and vegetation regions of the world

You have learnt that prevailing weather conditions form the climate of a particular place over a period of time (20 – 35 years). As the weather is unpredictable, we are not able to say for sure that it will rain in Cape Town on New Year’s Day, but we do know that Cape Town will normally be drier at this time of the year than in June. Climatic conditions over a long period of time have shown that Cape Town receives most of its rain during the winter.

When we study the features of the types of climate that prevail in places, it is clear that large areas experience the same average conditions and that a type of climatic region is therefore formed. Through the ages people have often been influenced by the climate when they must to decide where they want to settle. Large parts of the earth are either too cold, or dry or hot for people to live. The availability of sources also influences peoples’ choice of a place to live. That is why approximately six milliard people on earth occupy only 15% of the earth’s surface.

1. Factors that influence climate

  • You have learnt in grade 5 that there are many factors that influence the climate of a region. We are now going to take a look at the factors that influence the worlds climate.

Latitude of a place

The hottest climates are usually in places closest to the Equator. The further we move from the Equator, the colder it becomes. At 12:00 the sun is directly overhead on the Equator. The rays of the sun are more concentrated and the temperatures rise higher. Further north and south the rays of the sun fall at an angle and are spread over a larger area by the earth’s rounded shape. That is why the sun’s rays are less concentrated and as a result the temperatures are cooler.

At the equator the sun’s rays are almost directly overhead.

At the poles the sun islower on the horizon.

At the Equator high temperatures cause high evaporation, which causes a higher downpour.

Altitude above sea level

The earth absorbs the sun’s rays, converts them to heat and radiates them again. The closer we are to the source of radiation, the hotter it is, and the further we are from the source (e.g. on top of a mountain), the colder it becomes. We can experience the principle of radiation by holding our hands close to a fire (or heater) and then move them away gradually. It becomes colder the further we move away from the source.

It is always cold on top of high mountains. The highest mountain peaks on the earth are always covered with snow.

Activity 1:

To find information in an atlas

[lo 1.2, 1.3]

Use your atlas to find out:

  • the name and altitude of the highest mountain peak in South Africa;
  • the latitude and longitude co-ordinates for Mount Kilimanjaro.

Influence of ocean currents/oceans

The temperatures of the oceans influence the land temperatures. Winds blow the hot or cold air above the hot or cold ocean towards the land and increase or reduce the land temperatures. There are also winds that blow north and southwards from the Polar Regions bringing cold air onto the land.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11000/1.1
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