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Social sciences: history

Grade 6

Exploration in africa

Module 10

‘darkest africa’ lures many adventurers and risk their lives


To study the sources that are provided and report on what you have learnt

[lo 1.1, 1.2, 1.3]

Use the following ten sources (or obtain more sources) that will enable you to do the activity.

SOURCE A - Discovering the world in sequence

  • Europe and the British Isles
  • North America
  • China
  • America
  • Australia
  • The African Interior
  • North and South Poles

SOURCE B - Discovering Africa

1 Explorers B.C
2 South Africans
3 Mungo Park
4 The Lander brothers
5 Burton, Speke, Grant, Baker
6 Livingstone
7 Stanley

SOURCE C - Discoveries in Africa

Explorer Date(s) Places visited
1. Park 1805 – 6 Gambia River and Niger River
2. Campbell 1813 Orange River
3. Moffat 1820 Griekwastad and Kuruman
4. Caillil 1827 – 8 Timbuktu
5. The Lander brothers 1830 Niger River
6. Galton and Andersson 1850 – 2 Walvis Bay, Namaqualand, Rehoboth, Damaraland and Ovamboland
7. Burton en Speke 1857 – 8 Lake Tanganyika
8. Speke 1858 Lake Victoria
9. Rohlfs 1879 – 9 Nile River
10. Thomson 1879 – 80 Lake Malawi
11. Thomson 1883 – 4 Kilimanjaro
12. Stanley 1887 – 9 Zan zibar
13. Forreau 1898 – 1900 Congo River

SOURCE D - Exploration of Southern Africa

600 v.C. Farão II
1485 Diogo Cão seafarers sent to Africa
1488 Dias
1497 Da Gama
1652 Jan van Riebeeck

SOURCE E - Francois le Vaillant (1753 – 1784)

He visited Mossel Bay, Plettenberg Bay, Namaqualand, Damaraland, Bechuanaland and the Kalahari

SOURCE F - Thunberg(1771– 1779)

He visited the following places: The Berg River, Knysna, the Gamtoos River, Saldanha, St Helena Bay, the Hex River Mountains, Swellendam, the Krom River, the Sundays River.

SOURCE G – Mungo Park (1805 – 1806)

People were first attracted to Africa because of what they had heard about the fabulous riches of Timbuktu, and also to find the source of the River Niger. In 1794 Mungo Park (from Scotland) was selected to clarify these secrets. His journey started off well, but he was robbed and thrown into prison by some local rulers. After he had managed to escape, he did find the source of the Niger. His recorded his experiences in the book: Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa. His second expedition was started in 1805 but ended in a tragedy when he and his men drowned after being attacked by soldiers. The attempt to find the source of the River Niger continued without success until 1830.

SOURCE H – René Caillié (1827 – 1828)

The Frenchman René Caillié took up an offer of a reward of 10 000 francs for finding Timbuktu. He was successful and arrived at this city in April 1828, but found that it had become impoverished because traders had stopped visiting the city with their caravans of camels. René did receive his reward, though.

SOURCE I: –1740 – 1838

Six people died in the search for the source of the Niger River:

  • D. Hughton
  • M. Park
  • F. Hornemann
  • J. Ritchie
  • W. Oudney
  • H. Clapperton


The river Nile has been an important source of life for the millions of people who have lived along its course. but the source of this river from which they used water every day remained a mystery. Since the earliest times, though, people tried to find the river's source, but their attempts came to nothing because of the great length of the river, the extreme heat and fever that overcame explorers. Ptolemaeus's map of the mountains of the moon, however, kept enticing adventurers to go in search of the source.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11011/1.1
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