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Student assessment needs to be an integral part of online teaching and learning. With online education rapidly growing at the university level, faculty members need to have sound practices of assessment connected to the instructional process in order to produce optimal student learning. This paper looks at a specific assessment process and tool (Narrative/Analysis/Research Rubric) which are used in online courses in the educational administration department at a small Midwest university. The paper described the results of a survey of graduate students’ perceptions related to this N/A/R Rubric and the assessment process used in online assignments. The results are examined to determine the benefits and feedback of the N/A/R Rubric. Results showed that students perceived this rubric as beneficial and meaningful in their online learning.

Ncpea publications

This manuscript has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and endorsed by the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a significant contribution to the scholarship and practice of education administration. In addition to publication in the Connexions Content Commons, this module is published in the NCPEA Handbook of Online Instruction and Programs in Education Leadership, ISBN 978-1-4507-7263-1.


  • Janet Tareilo, Stephen F. Austin State University
  • Brad Bizzell, Virginia Tech

    Associate Editors

  • Beverly Irby, Sam Houston State University
  • Rosemary Papa, Northern Arizona University
  • Thomas Valesky, Florida Gulf Coast University
  • Theodore Creighton, Virginia Tech

    About the Author

  • Dr. Robert Thiede is Chairperson of the Educational Administration Department at Ashland University in Ashland, Ohio. In addition to the chair's duties, he teaches School Law, Leadership, Human Behavior in Administration, and Human Resources in Administration. Dr. Thiede spent 25 years as a superintendent in Ohio before coming to Ashland. He has published in several national and international journals and has presented papers at state and national conferences, including the NCPEA Conferences the last 3 years.

Literature review

Numerous studies have been conducted on various facets of online education focusing on e-learning and different methodologies used with online courses. However, the examination of the assessment of student’s work completed online has been limited and sporadic. With online education generating the fastest growth among student enrollment in K-12 and universities, research needs to be conducted regarding the best instructional practices.

As online education moves into the mainstream educational world, a key question needs to be answered, “How do I know what my online students have learned?” There are no easy answers, but with a little creativity and flexibility, it can be discovered that the online learning environment opens up a host of new educational assessment possibilities. Meyen, Aust, and Issacson (2000) reiterate while assessment in an e-classroom continues to develop, with a host of advantages and disadvantages, it must be explored to provide assistance to instructors so that students receive optimal feedback. Assessment is no longer the periodic formal process of exams and graded activities, which may or may not be discussed with the class; it is now in the context of a one-on-one relationship with the e-instructor and each student in an online course (Meyen, Aust,&Issacson, 2000).

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
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