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This module shows how to use the URLConnection class.

Table of contents

Preface

This module is one in a collection of modules designed for teaching INEW 2338 Advanced Java (Web) at Austin Community College in Austin, TX. More specifically, it is one in asub-collection of modules designed for teaching network programming in that course. The purpose of this module is to introduce the student to the URLConnection class.

Viewing tip

I recommend that you open another copy of this module in a separate browser window and use the following links to easily find and view the Figuresand Listings while you are reading about them.

Figures

Listings

General background information

I don't plan to say very much about the URLConnection class. It is an abstract class that can be extended , and it has a protected constructor that takes a URL object as a parameter.

It has variables or fields that contain useful information about a connection.

It has many methods that can be used to examine and manipulate an object of the class in a variety of different ways.

If you plan to use the URL class for the higher-lever capabilities that it offers, and you plan to write content handlers and protocol handlers , you will probably need to become very familiar with this class. In that case, you will probably want to get a copy of a good Java networkingbook, such as Java Network Programming , by Elliotte Rusty Howard, and study the use of this class in depth.

My objective here is simply to make you aware of the existence of the class and its many methods, and to provide some examples of how you can get and use anobject of the class to obtain higher-level information about a connection.

Discussion and sample code

This program illustrates connecting to a URL and creating a URLConnection object.

The program uses the URLConnection object to obtain and display some of the "higher level" information about the UR L:

  • the URL
  • the date last modified
  • the content type

The computer must be online for this program to run properly. Otherwise, it will throw an exception of type UnknownHostException .

Partial program output

Figure 1 shows part of the output from the program. The first three lines of output correspond to the items in the above list , and are the items that we will be primarily interested in for this module.

Figure 1 - Partial program output.
http://www.austincc.edu/baldwin/page1.html Tue Apr 17 23:16:17 CDT 2001text/html; charset=iso-8859-1<!doctype html public "-//w3c//dtd html 4.0 transitional//en"><html><head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1"><meta name="GENERATOR" content="Mozilla/4.7 [en] (WinNT; I) [Netscape]"><title>Java and JavaScript Programming, by Richard G Baldwin</title></head><body bgcolor="#FFFFFF" link="#0000FF" vlink="#FF0000" lang="EN-US"><h1>Baldwin's Test Page 1</h1>Click<a href="http://www2.austin.cc.tx.us/baldwin/page2.html">here</a>to view page 2<p>Note: The material on this page is not intended to be of any particular value. This file is posted for the purpose of testing HTTP networkprograms only.<p>The following red bar is a centered gif file.<center><p><img SRC="red_thick_line_1.gif" BORDER=0 id="_x0000_i1025" height=9 width=300></center>

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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