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The list tag is used to make lists. It has two attributes:

  • id - a unique ID, required
  • list-type - defines the formatting of the list. list-type takes the values bulleted (default), enumerated , named-item or inline
The list tag has two children: title , which is optional, and item , which is where the list information is stored.

Example list

<list id='marinade' list-type='enumerated'><title>Beer Marinade</title><item>pour beer into large bowl</item><item>add chili powder to taste</item><item>squeeze half lime into beer marinade</item><item>place steak in beer, let soak for 30 minutes</item></list> The resulting list will look like:

    Beer marinade

  1. pour beer into large bowl
  2. add chili powder to taste
  3. squeeze half lime into beer marinade
  4. place steak in beer, let soak for 30 minutes

New list types example

CNXML 0.6 gives you much more control over the list environment. Now you will be able to choose from eight preset bullet styles as well as an option that allows you to choose your own literal text to serve as the bullet style. The enumerated list type now offers several styles, including Arabic numerals, upper and lower case alphabet characters, and also upper and lower case Roman numerals. In addition to these changes, you can now also select to have your lists follow a stepwise progression. In CNXML 0.6 the named-item list has been slightly altered, and is now called a labeled-item list. As you may have guessed, the change is quite intuitive. Instead of using<name>to specify the item's label, you use<label>.

Here is an example of a stepwise enumerate list: <list id="eip-165" list-type="enumerated" number-style="arabic" class="stepwise"><title>Beer Marinade</title><item>pour beer into large bowl</item><item>add chili powder to taste</item><item>squeeze half lime into beer marinade</item><item>place steak in beer, let soak for 30 minutes</item></list> The resulting list will look like:

    Beer marinade

  • pour beer into large bowl
  • add chili powder to taste
  • squeeze half lime into beer marinade
  • place steak in beer, let soak for 30 minutes


The equation tag is used to set off and number equations in CNXML documents by using ASCII text, MathML and embedded media to display math.

It is strongly encouraged, however, to use equation with MathML tags when displaying math.

Ascii text and images

The first child of equation is an optional title followed by any number of media tags.

<equation id="eqn14"><title>Euler's Relation</title><media id="equation-example" display="block" alt="Euler's Relation."><image mime-type='image/gif' src='euler.gif' /></media></equation> <equation id='eqn15'><title>Simple Arithmetic</title>11+27=38</equation> This equation will display as:

Simple arithmetic

You could also write this equation using MathML: <equation id="eqn22"><m:math><m:mn>11</m:mn><m:mo>+</m:mo><m:mn>27</m:mn><m:mo>=</m:mo><m:mn>38</m:mn></m:math></equation>


The definition tag is used to define a word in a CNXML document. It has a required id attribute and three children: term , meaning and example . How to use definition is a little confusing, so don't forget to check out [link] .

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Cnxml tutorial. OpenStax CNX. Jul 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10121/1.10
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