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Economic and management sciences

Grade 6

The economic cycle

Module 1

From birth to death, every person forms part of a country’s economic cycle. At birth everybody starts as a dependant and becomes dependent again when they grow old, but for the biggest part of our lives we are prepared to be able to make a contribution to the growth and stability of the country’s economy. You will now be taken through the cycle step by step and it is hoped that you will understand very clearly what your specific role in South Africa’s economy is and will be.

At home

This is the phase in which you have been since birth. It is definitely the best and most carefree phase of all, but also the phase that everybody wants to pass the quickest. We cannot wait to earn our first salaries and spend the money!

During this phase you are a LEARNER. From the moment you make your first sound, everybody wants to teach you the whole time. When you are not reacting to deliberate instructions, you are unconsciously following others’ example. As you become older, you develop a strong will of your own and often make mistakes in an effort to prove that your own way of doing things is BETTER than the prescribed and tested way.

During this phase of your life you are mainly a consumer and do not really make a positive contribution to the country’s economy. However, there are some entrepreneurs who manage to generate funds quite successfully at an early age.

The student

This is the phase that usually starts just after your formal school education. This is when you are prepared for the world of work or labour market. You are prepared to start your career. Sometimes you study full time, but often you are trained while you are in the practical situation – when you are already busy with the work that you want to do. You mainly remain a consumer and mostly contribute to the economic cycle only through part-time income.

Many people know from a very young age exactly what career they want to follow one day. Others only discover their true talents after they have been exposed to the practical situation. The training processes for careers also differ drastically. For some careers you have to follow a theoretical course for a number of years, while others are a combination of practical training and theoretical work.

Then there are persons who, with the exceptional talents they have received, decide to start their own businesses in a specific field. Mrs X, for example, is very good at sewing and she makes the most beautiful clothes for children, which she sells at flea markets, while Mr Y learnt from his father how a car engine works, and has become a very successful mechanic.

The labour market

This is the phase to which most young people look forward a lot. Now you can do what you want with the money you earn. Now you do not have to depend on your parents any longer. Your own car, your first flat, carefree times…

The responsibility of a budget that has to balance, however, jerks most people back to reality. It is hard work and your salary does not go nearly as far as you thought it would. Together with this you have the responsibility of a career. If you want to progress in your career, you have to work long hours.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11013/1.1
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