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Life skills

Grade 3

Conservation of our marine life

Module 5

The penguins and other sea creatures

Strange creatures

  • Read the poem and answer the following questions:

Without wings I cannot fly

No matter how hard I try

I might be a bird after all

But from the sky I could never fall!

A lonely little horse-fish I will never be.

With my friends I play games in the deep blue sea

Instead of running madly around the race-track

With a shouting jockey on my back.

One of my friends is the walrus whale

Who allows me to ride on his tail.

He is sad because his friend has gone away

But we will surely find him one fine day.

All the creatures on this earth

Have the right to live from their birth

So that their numbers become more

and more

All these strange creatures that we adore!



  1. Which marine animals are referred to in the poem?
  2. Do you know which bird can swim but is unable to fly?
  3. What do you think has happened to the whale’s friend?
  4. What does the concept “endangered species” mean?
  • Make a drawing of all the marine animals mentioned in the poem.

The penguins

More than 40 per cent of the world’s African penguins live on Robben Island and Dassen Island. Oil spills from ships that travel along the coast threaten their survival.

Millions of eggs were taken from Dassen Island between 1870 and 1967 to be dished up as delicacy. Fortunately the island was declared a nature reserve and as a result the penguin population on Dassen Island has grown to about 56 000.

Penguins are good parents. They mostly build their nests on the ground, using pebbles, mud and plant material. Both parents take turns to sit on the eggs. The fluffy chicks need to be taken care of over quite a long period and they are often looked after in groups – almost like in a crèche.

  • Make a drawing of a mother penguin and her chicks.

The conservation of the jackass penguin

Birds that suffer from diseases or oil pollution are attended to at a centre at Blouberg near Cape Town. This centre is known as SANCCOB (South African National Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds). Similar centres can be found elsewhere in our country.

Write a letter to SANCCOB or to the similar centre near you. Find out what they do there. Use the following words as clues: peck, feed, oil, cleaning agents, food, accommodation, money, funds, etc.

The horse-fish

Did you know?

  • The male horse-fish carries its young in a pouch on its tummy, just like a kangaroo mother.
  • Horse-fish are bred near Knysna.
  • A baby horse-fish is only four millimetres in length.
  • A horse-fish floats vertically in the sea.

Imagine you are a horse-fish. Write a story to tell us what you do in the sea.

  • Draw a horse-fish and his friends

Puzzle: Colour the shapes below in different colours. Cut out the shapes and build your own marine animals. Paste it onto cardboard and decorate the background.

Complete the questionnaire. Make a X in the appropriate block.

Yes No
  1. Do you know that penguins are an endangered species?
  1. Did you find the information on the horse-fish interesting?
  1. Do you agree that the whale is the largest marine animal?
  1. Did you enjoy the puzzle?


Learning Outcomes(LO’s)
PERSONAL DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to use acquired life skills to achieve and extend personal potential to respond effectively to challenges in his or her world.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
3.5 identifies groupwork skills and applies them consistently.
TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SKILLS The learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technologies.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.3 Designs : suggests different possible solutions, chooses one and uses freehand sketches to represent it;1.4 Makes : expresses how products are going to be made and what will be used to make them;1.6 Evaluates : identifies strengths and weaknesses about own products and the products of others


  • Learners could write a letter to SANCCOB.
  • Art: paint a penguin. Also paint a lighthouse in the background.
  • Inform the learners in general about other endangered species in marine life. Task each group to research a marine animal.
  • Have a class discussion on useful items that can be obtained from the sea. (Emphasise the conservation of our marine life for future generations).
  • Group discussion: take your learners to the library to do some reading on the habits of penguins. Let them discuss the information obtained in their groups (LO 3.5).
  • Make a collage of marine animals.
  • Songs to learn: Row, row, row your boat

The alley – alley oo

  • SANCCOB’s address: 20 Pentz Drive, Table View 7441.

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life skills grade 3. OpenStax CNX. Sep 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11107/1.1
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