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Life skills

Grade 3

Conservation of our marine life

Module 5

The penguins and other sea creatures

Strange creatures

  • Read the poem and answer the following questions:

Without wings I cannot fly

No matter how hard I try

I might be a bird after all

But from the sky I could never fall!

A lonely little horse-fish I will never be.

With my friends I play games in the deep blue sea

Instead of running madly around the race-track

With a shouting jockey on my back.

One of my friends is the walrus whale

Who allows me to ride on his tail.

He is sad because his friend has gone away

But we will surely find him one fine day.

All the creatures on this earth

Have the right to live from their birth

So that their numbers become more

and more

All these strange creatures that we adore!



  1. Which marine animals are referred to in the poem?
  2. Do you know which bird can swim but is unable to fly?
  3. What do you think has happened to the whale’s friend?
  4. What does the concept “endangered species” mean?
  • Make a drawing of all the marine animals mentioned in the poem.

The penguins

More than 40 per cent of the world’s African penguins live on Robben Island and Dassen Island. Oil spills from ships that travel along the coast threaten their survival.

Millions of eggs were taken from Dassen Island between 1870 and 1967 to be dished up as delicacy. Fortunately the island was declared a nature reserve and as a result the penguin population on Dassen Island has grown to about 56 000.

Penguins are good parents. They mostly build their nests on the ground, using pebbles, mud and plant material. Both parents take turns to sit on the eggs. The fluffy chicks need to be taken care of over quite a long period and they are often looked after in groups – almost like in a crèche.

  • Make a drawing of a mother penguin and her chicks.

The conservation of the jackass penguin

Birds that suffer from diseases or oil pollution are attended to at a centre at Blouberg near Cape Town. This centre is known as SANCCOB (South African National Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds). Similar centres can be found elsewhere in our country.

Write a letter to SANCCOB or to the similar centre near you. Find out what they do there. Use the following words as clues: peck, feed, oil, cleaning agents, food, accommodation, money, funds, etc.

The horse-fish

Did you know?

  • The male horse-fish carries its young in a pouch on its tummy, just like a kangaroo mother.
  • Horse-fish are bred near Knysna.
  • A baby horse-fish is only four millimetres in length.
  • A horse-fish floats vertically in the sea.

Imagine you are a horse-fish. Write a story to tell us what you do in the sea.

  • Draw a horse-fish and his friends

Puzzle: Colour the shapes below in different colours. Cut out the shapes and build your own marine animals. Paste it onto cardboard and decorate the background.

Complete the questionnaire. Make a X in the appropriate block.

Yes No
  1. Do you know that penguins are an endangered species?
  1. Did you find the information on the horse-fish interesting?
  1. Do you agree that the whale is the largest marine animal?
  1. Did you enjoy the puzzle?


Learning Outcomes(LO’s)
PERSONAL DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to use acquired life skills to achieve and extend personal potential to respond effectively to challenges in his or her world.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
3.5 identifies groupwork skills and applies them consistently.
TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SKILLS The learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technologies.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.3 Designs : suggests different possible solutions, chooses one and uses freehand sketches to represent it;1.4 Makes : expresses how products are going to be made and what will be used to make them;1.6 Evaluates : identifies strengths and weaknesses about own products and the products of others


  • Learners could write a letter to SANCCOB.
  • Art: paint a penguin. Also paint a lighthouse in the background.
  • Inform the learners in general about other endangered species in marine life. Task each group to research a marine animal.
  • Have a class discussion on useful items that can be obtained from the sea. (Emphasise the conservation of our marine life for future generations).
  • Group discussion: take your learners to the library to do some reading on the habits of penguins. Let them discuss the information obtained in their groups (LO 3.5).
  • Make a collage of marine animals.
  • Songs to learn: Row, row, row your boat

The alley – alley oo

  • SANCCOB’s address: 20 Pentz Drive, Table View 7441.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life skills grade 3. OpenStax CNX. Sep 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11107/1.1
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