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Objectives:

To know roles and responsibilities of the main actors in emergency management

To understand different approaches to emergency management

We map out the primary roles and responsibilities of the main actors in emergency management. We compare the command and control approach to the involvement and empowerment approach of emergency management.

Example 1

Jessica porter

Principle :

Disaster mitigation, management and recovery should be an important practice for local, national and international governments.

Key Terms:

  • Homeland Security Department model: is the mitigation of hazards or the effectiveness of post-disaster.
  • Local Chief Executive Officer (mayor or city/county manager): Coordinate local resources; change local laws and ordinances, such as direct evacuation; Assist people, businesses, and organizations and request state and federal aid.

Reading Quotes:

  • “A concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, major disaster, and other emergencies; and minimizes the damage and recover from attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies that occur” (The National Response Plan, 2004, pg. 1)
  • The National Incident Management System (NIMS) “provides a nationwide template enabling Federal, State, local and tribal governments and private-sector and nongovernmental organizations to work together effectively and efficiently to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents regardless of cause, size or complexity” (The National Response Plan, 2004, pg. 1).

Justification of Principle:

No single agency or administrative branch by itself has the ability to put together a comprehensive disaster plan. Each affected area or service must have a disaster management plan that has been carefully planned, updated and put into action before a disaster strikes.

Relevance to Social Work:

As a social worker in an agency or government system we stand as advocates for vulnerable single families or a population and we have to be their voice when they do not know the words to say or have the ability to be involved in the disaster planning process. Social workers have the knowledge and population perspectives to be involved in the process disaster planning and help coordinate efforts along with government systems.

Illustrations :

A dog sitting on a bed
A dog sitting on a bed
Everyone works together to form a disaster plan

Example 2

Linda davis

Description of Principle: “Everything is interconnected and a holistic, integrated approach is required” (McEntire, 2005, p. 206)

Justification: Looking at the numerous stakeholders involved in disaster management, it is not enough for just one to take charge of the whole disaster situation. All stakeholders need to be involved in the planning process. As noted in an article by Pearce (2003), “community members are becoming increasingly frustrated not only with being excluded from the decision-making processes involved in community planning, but also with being excluded from those involved in disaster management planning” (p. 212). The process of disaster planning must be a combination of top-down and bottom-up approaches, because what affects the government affects the community and vis-versa. Likewise, what affects the community affects the private sectors and what affects the private sector affects the government also. There exists an interconnected web of players in disaster management. It is critical to know who plays what role and keep everyone involved in the process.

Social Work Relevance: Social workers are ideal candidates to help build communication bridges between the local community and the government plans/policies. Social workers are trained to “listen to the community- let them define what they believe are the most important problems, mobilize all members of a community creatively, coordinate efforts at a regional level, raise public awareness of the importance of managing risk, and ensure that powerful interest groups support the community efforts” (Pearce, 2003, p. 215). Social workers can help others

see the points of intersections between the government, communities, private sector and larger world.

Related Definitions:

National Response Plan (NRP): a concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, major disasters, and other emergencies; and minimize the damage and recover from attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies that occur (Department of Homeland Security, 2004, p.1 )

National Incident Management System (NIMS): a plan that provides a nationwide template enabling Federal, State, local and tribal governments and private-sector and nongovernmental organizations to work together effectively and efficiently to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents regardless of cause, size or complexity.” (Department of Homeland Security, 2004, p.1)

Homeland Security Presidential Directive- 5 (HSPD-5): policy that helped to establish clear objectives for a concerted national effort to manage domestic emergency incidents (Department of Homeland Security, 2004, p.1)

Emergency Support Functions (ESF): a grouping of government and certain private-sector capabilities into an organization structure to provide, support, resources, and services. The American Red Cross serves as an ESF primary agency which provides mass care resources (Department of Homeland Security, 2004, p.11)

Comprehensive Emergency Management (CEM): measures adopted by the U.S. in 1970 to ensure that every agency worked to mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from any disaster that might occur (McEntire, 2005, p. 208)

Integrated Emergency Management (IEM): the implementation of CEM through assessing risks, assessing capabilities, and working to close the gap between them (McEntire, 2005, p. 208)

Illustrations:

A dog sitting on a bed

This picture depicts the sense of interconnectedness that exists in disasters. Because many stakeholders are interconnected, disaster management must demonstrate a similar holistic approach.

A dog sitting on a bed

This diagram shows some of the ways the local communities are connected with the federal government in disaster situations.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
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Source:  OpenStax, Disaster and vulnerable populations. OpenStax CNX. Aug 09, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11340/1.1
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