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Objectives:

To know roles and responsibilities of the main actors in emergency management

To understand different approaches to emergency management

We map out the primary roles and responsibilities of the main actors in emergency management. We compare the command and control approach to the involvement and empowerment approach of emergency management.

Example 1

Jessica porter

Principle :

Disaster mitigation, management and recovery should be an important practice for local, national and international governments.

Key Terms:

  • Homeland Security Department model: is the mitigation of hazards or the effectiveness of post-disaster.
  • Local Chief Executive Officer (mayor or city/county manager): Coordinate local resources; change local laws and ordinances, such as direct evacuation; Assist people, businesses, and organizations and request state and federal aid.

Reading Quotes:

  • “A concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, major disaster, and other emergencies; and minimizes the damage and recover from attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies that occur” (The National Response Plan, 2004, pg. 1)
  • The National Incident Management System (NIMS) “provides a nationwide template enabling Federal, State, local and tribal governments and private-sector and nongovernmental organizations to work together effectively and efficiently to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents regardless of cause, size or complexity” (The National Response Plan, 2004, pg. 1).

Justification of Principle:

No single agency or administrative branch by itself has the ability to put together a comprehensive disaster plan. Each affected area or service must have a disaster management plan that has been carefully planned, updated and put into action before a disaster strikes.

Relevance to Social Work:

As a social worker in an agency or government system we stand as advocates for vulnerable single families or a population and we have to be their voice when they do not know the words to say or have the ability to be involved in the disaster planning process. Social workers have the knowledge and population perspectives to be involved in the process disaster planning and help coordinate efforts along with government systems.

Illustrations :

A dog sitting on a bed
A dog sitting on a bed
Everyone works together to form a disaster plan

Example 2

Linda davis

Description of Principle: “Everything is interconnected and a holistic, integrated approach is required” (McEntire, 2005, p. 206)

Justification: Looking at the numerous stakeholders involved in disaster management, it is not enough for just one to take charge of the whole disaster situation. All stakeholders need to be involved in the planning process. As noted in an article by Pearce (2003), “community members are becoming increasingly frustrated not only with being excluded from the decision-making processes involved in community planning, but also with being excluded from those involved in disaster management planning” (p. 212). The process of disaster planning must be a combination of top-down and bottom-up approaches, because what affects the government affects the community and vis-versa. Likewise, what affects the community affects the private sectors and what affects the private sector affects the government also. There exists an interconnected web of players in disaster management. It is critical to know who plays what role and keep everyone involved in the process.

Social Work Relevance: Social workers are ideal candidates to help build communication bridges between the local community and the government plans/policies. Social workers are trained to “listen to the community- let them define what they believe are the most important problems, mobilize all members of a community creatively, coordinate efforts at a regional level, raise public awareness of the importance of managing risk, and ensure that powerful interest groups support the community efforts” (Pearce, 2003, p. 215). Social workers can help others

see the points of intersections between the government, communities, private sector and larger world.

Related Definitions:

National Response Plan (NRP): a concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, major disasters, and other emergencies; and minimize the damage and recover from attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies that occur (Department of Homeland Security, 2004, p.1 )

National Incident Management System (NIMS): a plan that provides a nationwide template enabling Federal, State, local and tribal governments and private-sector and nongovernmental organizations to work together effectively and efficiently to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents regardless of cause, size or complexity.” (Department of Homeland Security, 2004, p.1)

Homeland Security Presidential Directive- 5 (HSPD-5): policy that helped to establish clear objectives for a concerted national effort to manage domestic emergency incidents (Department of Homeland Security, 2004, p.1)

Emergency Support Functions (ESF): a grouping of government and certain private-sector capabilities into an organization structure to provide, support, resources, and services. The American Red Cross serves as an ESF primary agency which provides mass care resources (Department of Homeland Security, 2004, p.11)

Comprehensive Emergency Management (CEM): measures adopted by the U.S. in 1970 to ensure that every agency worked to mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from any disaster that might occur (McEntire, 2005, p. 208)

Integrated Emergency Management (IEM): the implementation of CEM through assessing risks, assessing capabilities, and working to close the gap between them (McEntire, 2005, p. 208)

Illustrations:

A dog sitting on a bed

This picture depicts the sense of interconnectedness that exists in disasters. Because many stakeholders are interconnected, disaster management must demonstrate a similar holistic approach.

A dog sitting on a bed

This diagram shows some of the ways the local communities are connected with the federal government in disaster situations.

Questions & Answers

explain and give four Example hyperbolic function
Lukman Reply
The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction. 2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
SABAL Reply
1. x + 6 2 -------------- = _ x + 9 + 6 3 x + 6 3 ----------- x -- (cross multiply) x + 15 2 3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15) 3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (-2x from both) x + 18 = 30 (-18 from both) x = 12 Test: 12 + 6 18 2 -------------- = --- = --- 12 + 9 + 6 27 3
Pawel
2. (x) + (x + 2) = 60 2x + 2 = 60 2x = 58 x = 29 29, 30, & 31
Pawel
ok
Ifeanyi
on number 2 question How did you got 2x +2
Ifeanyi
combine like terms. x + x + 2 is same as 2x + 2
Pawel
Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
mariel Reply
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1 x + 3x + 1 = 113 4x = 112, x = 28 Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
Pawel
how do I set up the problem?
Harshika Reply
what is a solution set?
Harshika
find the subring of gaussian integers?
Rofiqul
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Abdullahi Reply
find the value of 2x=32
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divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
corri
X=16
Michael
Want to review on complex number 1.What are complex number 2.How to solve complex number problems.
Beyan
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Mark
use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
how do we prove the quadratic formular
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Tric Reply
4
Trista
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
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Mark
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
Brenna
(61/11,41/11,−4/11)
Brenna
x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
Brenna
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
x+2y-z=7
Sidiki
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
-1
Shedrak
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
Alfred Reply
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
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Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
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What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
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how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
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. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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Source:  OpenStax, Disaster and vulnerable populations. OpenStax CNX. Aug 09, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11340/1.1
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