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Life orientation

Grade 7

Rights and responsibilities

Module 6

The influence of sexism, gender discrimination and abuse on personal relationships

Read the following newspaper reports or articles by columnists and try to identify references to sexism, gender discrimination or abuse.

Christmas lights? you’re worse than your father!

Although the time has come once again to take down the Christmas lights and pack away the tree, Pollux thinks that there are many families who will agree with the recent finding by psychologists that decorating a Christmas tree is one of three things that can cause tremendous stress in a relationship. Apparently the other two are trying to teach one’s spouse to drive, and hanging wallpaper as a team effort.

(Translated from the column by Pollux in Rapport , 30 December 2001)

The following are a few remarks to be avoided at all costs when decorating the Christmas tree:

  • What the hell do you do with the lights when you pack them away each year? Do you try to knot them together?
  • Don’t just throw the lights over the tree any old way. You’re worse than your father!
  • You’ve got the whole thing upside down. The plug must be under the tree, not at the top of the tree!
  • I don’t care if you have found two more sets of lights. I’m through with putting up lights!
  • Have you been drinking?

Children and teachers ‘must be protected against violence

CAPE TOWN – One of the recommendations emanating from the findings of the National Council of Provinces after public hearings concerning violence amongst school children, is that both learners and teachers need to be protected.

A disheartening feature of the recommendations made by most provinces is that it is in keeping with existing legislation, but it is obviously not applied.

For example, teachers are forbidden to enter into relationships with learners, and any teachers who are guilty of such conduct, are summarily suspended from duty.

New recommendations are that police are deployed outside schools before and after school hours, that teachers are protected against sexual harassment by learners and that the identity of teachers who report incidents are protected for fear of reprisal by their colleagues.

In various provinces it seems to be common practice to transfer teachers to other schools if they have been found guilty of sexual offences. Suspension, which is already prescribed by legislation, but is apparently not being applied, is recommended by the report.

In Mpumalanga it is believed that an indaba for men, convened by President Thabo Mbeki, could help to counteract these offences.

Better guidance and cooperation between schools and social workers especially, is recommended. Other solutions to social ills that are presently being considered, such as poverty relief grants, are also regarded as possible answers to this problem.

In the meantime, the Deputy Speaker, Ms Baleka Mbeta, has announced that various chairpersons of parliamentary portfolio committees will meet today to discuss ways in which Parliament can help combat child abuse. (Translated from Die Burger , 23 January 2002)

It is hoped that saartjie will rest in peace at last

As a tale it is as bizarre as it is shocking. It is an account that reveals a great deal about the Europeans’ earlier attitudes towards Africa; about men’s attitudes towards women; about constantly redefining the limits of acceptability and normality. Saartjie Baartman died 186 years ago, homeless and desolate, far removed from the Gamtoos River and the tiny hovel on the Cape Flats where the “Hottentot Venus”, as she would be known many years later, lived for the first 21 years of her unfortunate life, according to the Cape Times.

A British ship’s doctor took Baartman to London. He had convinced her that she would become wealthy by exhibiting her body. She was displayed as a sexual freak in circuses, museums, bars and universities. Abolitionists complained about her status as a near-slave. She fell ill and was taken to France.

When she died in 1816 as an impoverished prostitute, she had already become a grotesque source of the stereotypes regarding race and African sexuality. Her skeletal frame and a gypsum cast of her body were exhibited in the Musée de l’Humanité in Paris.

On Tuesday, French senators passed a law that Baartman’s remains be brought back to South Africa.

Overjoyed Koisan activists are planning a spiritual ceremony and reburial.

It is hoped that this symbol of subjection and degradation of women will finally be allowed to rest quietly and in a dignified manner, and that this unworthy and painful chronicle of almost 200 years will finally be over.

(Translated from Die Burger , 2 February 2002)

Activity1:

To answer questions on discrimination and abuse

[lo 2.2]

Answer the following questions based on the three above-mentioned concepts:

  1. Who is being discriminated against or unjustly treated?

Passage 1:

Passage 2:

Passage 3:

  1. Who is acting unjustly in the situation?

Passage 1:

Passage 2:

Passage 3:

  1. What kind of unjust attitude or way of thinking is illustrated here? (E.g. gender discrimination, abuse, etc.)

Passage 1:

Passage 2:

Passage 3:

  1. What relationship is being damaged through this depraved action?

Passage 1:

Passage 2:

Passage 3:

  1. If you were a psychologist, Member of Parliament or counsellor, what would you do to solve the problem or at least to alleviate it?

Passage 1:

Passage 2:

Passage 3:

  1. Are you aware of any kind of discrimination or abuse in your school, environment or home?
  • Can you do anything about it?
  • If you can, what do you think will be the best action to take?
  1. Do you think our present government is doing anything to combat discrimination and abuse?
  2. Quote a sentence from one of the reports to justify your answer.
  1. How, in your opinion, can discrimination and abuse in your school be stopped or prevented?
  1. What kind of discrimination or abuse distresses or threatens you most?
  • Why do you think this aspect upsets you?
  1. What can you do to counteract discrimination and abuse?

Assessment

Learning outcomes (LOs)
LO 2
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of and commitment to constitutional rights and responsibilities, and to show an understanding of diverse cultures and religions.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
2.1 discusses the application of human rights as stated in the South African Constitution;
2.2 explains how to counter gender stereotyping and sexism;
2.3 discusses the significance of volunteer organisations;
2.4 explains how recognition of diverse cultures can enrich South African society;
2.5 explains the role of oral traditions and scriptures in a range of the world’s religions.

Questions & Answers

why one should read psychology
MAMATA Reply
cause of daibites is?
Suman
memory of development brain of the human psychologist
SERAJ Reply
?
lord
hlo
Ananya
Haw are you?
Shilan
hi
zge
hello
Emm
usef
hi
Gil
Haw are you?
Shilan
Aha ok
Shilan
hi
Daniella
waasup
Isaiah
hello
Sara
hello
androi
Haw are you
Shilan
im ok you
Daniella
Me to
Shilan
Thanks
Shilan
What's going?
Shilan
working
Daniella
hey everyone this Mahmoud
Mahmoud
is
Mahmoud
Fine
Shilan
Hello
Jobe
how is it going people?
Tomasz
kind
Alter
thanks
Alter
hi..!
Alter
yes we'll
Alter
yes we'll
Alter
hi
Suman
hi
Raynard
how did psychology begin?
Valerie Reply
of psychologys commencement, the traces can be seen in the work of Aristotle, where he talk about soul and body, likewise work in durrant, de anima, all these were somewhere supporting dualism, in which soul could exist separately from body
amaan
but if you talk about the moder psychology, Gustav fechner, is credited with performing scientific experiments, basis of his experiments in psychology with his studies perception.
amaan
hi, can you help me to find research related to child truma
Heba
yes same here I have cptsd and am looking for more info since my doctor doesn't know what to do I want to know what I can
Mark
does psychology deal with love?
Mohammed Reply
Maybe, i think
edem
I definitely would say yes
Clara
how so
Isaiah
*triarchic
Meredith
there are so many different reasons why you can fall in love with someone, many of them develope subconsciously -> psychology
Clara
love messes with the brain, a lot, ergo I believe that Psychology does indeed deal with love
I would like an example as to what and how you think it deals with.
Tyler
how can I discover that this individual has a long-term memory and shot- term memory?
Namuaha
what is synapse
Katie Reply
In the central nervous system, a synapse is a small gap at the end of a neuron that allows a signal to pass from one neuron to the next. synapse are found where nerve cells connect with other nerve cells
Najeem
a synapse the connection is where a neuron cell connects to another neuron cell.
Shaun
good
Jobe
what is psychology
Jobe
can you do auto book auto
Mariah Reply
WHT u mean?
usef
yes
MD
heyy, may i join the conversation please?
edem Reply
yes of course
Najeem
how to avoid theory of bias confirmation in real life
Scar
yes
Jobe
hello
Bhavin
hello to all
Genevieve
hey, may I join the conversation?
samra
salaam
Ibrahim
so i cn even do this after ba hons in psychology?
Avneet
the only eligibility criteria is that you should have 50% of aggregate in your psychology papers. (bachelors)
syeda
okay thank you so much❤ have a lovely day🙂
Avneet
you're welcome. glad it helped ^_^
syeda
To pursue a career as a psychotherapist you'll have to do your bachelors in psychology. (bsc honors is preferable). since there are many fields and you've chosen as a therapist. a masters degree in clinical psychology or therapy and family counseling is preferable.
syeda
so i cn even do this after ba hons in psychology?
Avneet
yes you can.
syeda
you're welcome. glad it helped ^_^
syeda
hello
Vhikkie
yh
Parker
hello
Avneet
is there any psychotherapist here? i need to know the qualification one hve to pursue.
Avneet
I'm clinic psychologist...
Shilan
Hey. I'm pursuing BA in Clinical Psychology
Aakarshan
the only eligibility criteria is that you should have 50% of aggregate in your psychology papers. (bachelors)
syeda
hello
Vhikkie
who is the father of psychology
Richy Reply
aristatil
Ramadevi
and please, how would you guys, describe the study of psychology at college ?
edem
psychologist student?
Aspen
i mean not yet but am about to start college so wanna know how is it(college in general and psychology course) please
edem
Psychology is the study of mind and behaviour. So if you will take psychology as a subject so you will get to know how your everything (physical, mental, social, spiritual aspects) effects your behaviour
sakina
With this brief knowledge you can help people to cope up with their problems and only you can guide them correctly
sakina
And if you go for further specialisations you can study hypnosis, face reading, body language etc
sakina
Thanks a lot🙏🏾 And ik some of the stuffs u said but i am also going to write thesis, right ?
edem
ok no prob, thanks a lot🙏🏾✨
edem
cerebellum
Khan
hae everyone, hope you are well this evning my question is what is the difference between drive and motivation
Michael
good question
Rainee
drive is more like an impulse or urge and i think they both go together (drive and motivation) even if there is a slight difference
edem
@ Michael Drive is delivered to be innate without the use of an external stimuli, motivation normally evolves an outside stimuli which may include praise, appreciate, or reward.
Reginald
*believed...sorry for typo
Reginald
@Reginald, can't the motivation come from the inner self?
edem
Good question, please give an example.
Reginald
can we say desire of success for example
edem
Wilhelm Wundt is the father of psychology
ipau
Wilhem Wundt thank you for the road that you opened.
Qwanta
You mean who is the father of having a great educated argumentative guess? nothing is more wrong than this question. The question is you should ask yourselfs is, how sure are you abour their scientific studying? one's percieved assimilated approach to judging another person and saying they are
Roger
the biggest problem with scientific research and data is that ya you could get the same result 1000 times then it could go the other way 1000 times, but we would never know that and we did, we would still say ya but the proof is there. The only thing science proves is that humanity has
Roger
no facts about human behavior in the scientific context, but more in the trial and error.. sorry to tell you, but so far no one has proven Father of anything, thats up to you and i, judgement is bias, science is good enough lazy
Roger
cognitive development is the growing and development of the brain.
Jessy Reply
Anyone knows about Techno-fascism?
Hussein Reply
Ecofascism is a theoretical political model in which an authoritarian government would require individuals to sacrifice their own interests to the "organic whole of nature". The term is also used as a rhetorical pejorative to undermine the environmental movement.
ipau
what's the big difference between prejudice and discrimination?
Danice Reply
A prejudiced person may not act on their attitude.  Therefore, someone can be prejudiced towards a certain group but not discriminate against them.  Also, prejudice includes all three components of an attitude (affective, behavioral and cognitive), whereas discrimination just involves behavior
Nancy Lee
hi
basher
hello
Rahul
what is all about cognitive development?
Kamohelo
cognitive development is the growing and development of the brain
Jessy
how do you control a variable when using spss whilst running a pearsons correlation analysis?
Jessie Reply
it dependa on your study. according to what you want to say and explain your result
Pouran
Hello
Jobe
why does it say her and she
Jayla Reply
stages of cognitive development
brivia Reply
sensory preoperatinal concrete formal
Rajendra
What's mental memory?
Namuaha
Memory is our ability to encode, store, retain and subsequently recall information and past experiences in the human brain. It can be thought of in general terms as the use of past experience to affect or influence current behaviour.
Shilan
What I mental memory?
Namuaha
What's mental memory?
Namuaha
my thankful
Namuaha
Shilan I love your definition
Jobe
what is psychology
Chethani Reply
the study of insecurities and the effect on the host .
Sera
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior & mental processes
Angela
psychology is science about learning human behaviour
Zhamshid
behaviorosm
Khan
is the study of human behaviour and mental processes
Jobe
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11029/1.1
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