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Lewensoriëntering

Graad 6

‘n gesonde leefwyse

Module 3

Hiv en vigs: ‘n oordraagbare siekte. hoe kan dit voorkom of hanteer word?

In Suid-Afrika is meer as 3 miljoen persone tans HIV-positief. Hierdie siekte affekteer mans en vroue en kinders van alle ouderdomme, beroepe en bevolkingsgroepe in al die provinsies van ons land. Indien die huidige toename van infeksie nie afneem nie, sal een uit vier persone in die land teen die jaar 2010 HIV-positief wees. Binne 10 jaar sal die siekte weeskinders maak van ‘n driekwart miljoen Suid-Afrikaanse kinders.

Hoe kan jy verhoed dat jy die dodelike virus opdoen?

Jy het reeds in graad 5 die volgende geleer:

  1. Beskou die probleem in ‘n ernstige lig en maak seker dat jy weet hoe die siekte versprei.
  2. Maak gebruik van elke geleentheid om kennis hieroor te bekom.
  3. Seks moet veilig beoefen word, maar moet in elk geval so lank as moontlik uitgestel word.
  4. Moet nooit aan bloed vat nie. As iemand seerkry en bloei, roep eerder ‘n volwasse persoon. As daar wel ‘n kans is dat jy aan die bloed gaan raak, trek ‘n plastieksakkie sonder enige gaatjies oor jou hande. Dis nog beter om plastiekhandskoene aan te trek.
  5. Moet nooit enige ou spuitnaalde of naalde gebruik op enige manier nie.
  6. Indien jy gaatjies in jou ore wil laat maak of ‘n tatoeëermerk wil laat aanbring op jou lyf, sorg dat jy dit by ‘n skoon, ordentlike plek laat doen waar die naalde gesteriliseer word.

7. Dit is beter om enige alkohol of dwelmmisbruik heeltemal te vermy, aangesien dit jou dadelik op baie maniere weerloos kan maak om jouself teen besmetting met die virus te beskerm.

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om strategieë te bespreek oor maniere waarop ‘n siektetoestand hanteer kan word

[lu 1.3]

Hier volg ‘n lys van maniere waarop ‘n mens ‘n ernstige siektetoestand kan hanteer sodat die siek persoon, asook die persone wat deur die siekte geraak word, op die mees positiewe manier kan voortgaan met die lewe.

Elke groep moet minstens twee van hierdie strategieë kies en dit bespreek en ook nuwe voorstelle maak ten opsigte van die hantering van die siekte.

  • Win inligting oor die siekte in
  • Bly altyd hoop
  • Vra familielede om te help
  • Bid vir die persoon
  • Klop by ‘n kliniek of hospitaal aan vir hulp
  • Hou alle eetgerei skoon
  • Berei spesiale kos voor vir die persoon
  • Kontak die plaaslike hospitium
  • Wees bedag op simptome wat kan aandui dat jy ook dalk hierdie siekte het.

Aktiwiteit 2:

Om ‘n kort toneelstuk te beplan en op te voer

[lu 1.3]

Beplan en voer ‘n toneeltjie op waar julle onder andere die volgende karakters uitbeeld:

  1. ‘n Ernstige siek persoon
  2. Dokter
  3. Ma of pa van siek persoon
  4. Suster of broer van siek persoon
  5. Kind van die persoon
  6. ‘n Geestelike persoon, bv. ‘n predikant, priester

Onthou dat julle besluit watter siekte hierdie persoon het. Vir die doel van hierdie rolspel is dit nodig om ‘n siekte te kies wat lewensbedreigend is. Bespreek na die tyd die bydrae wat elke karakter in die situasie gelewer het.

Assessering

Leeruitkomstes(LUs)
LU 1
LUISTERDie leerder is in staat om vir inligting en genot te luister en gepas en krities binne ’n wye verskeidenheid situasies te reageer.
Assesseringstandaarde(ASe)
Dit is duidelik wanneer die leerder:
1.2 mondelinge tekste verstaan;
1.3 vir spesifieke inligting luister;
1.4 aandagtig luister tydens ‘n bespreking.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Lewensorientering graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11001/1.1
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