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Thus, changing the separation between the elements has a significant impact on the wavenumber response of the array.

Separate the elements even more

Finally, consider the pair of images on the right where the elements are even further apart. This array response has even more peaks and valleys than theother two.

A wavenumber filter

The sum of the outputs from an array of sensor elements represents a form of wavenumber filter (much as the correct combination of resistors, capacitors, and inductors represents a frequency filter) . If we need to pass signals having one wavenumber and to suppress signals having a different wavenumber, we may be ableto adjust the separation between the elements so as to put a peak on the desirable wavenumber and to put a null point on the undesirable wavenumbers.

A two-element array is fairly limiting

Of course, with only two elements, we don't have very many degrees of freedom to work with. We could exercise more control over our wavenumber filter if wehad more elements. We could do even better if we had the ability to give each element a different weight (including a negative weight) when the signals from all the elements are added together. Finally, we could do even better still ifwe had the ability to insert a programmable time delay (phase shift) into the output from each of the elements before adding them together.

(The use of programmable time delays falls in the category of a space series that is complex rather than being purely real. Thus, that topic isbeyond the scope of this module.)

Let's apply some weights

Now let's modify our scenario and see what we can learn in the process. We are going to increase the size of the array from two to three elements. We arealso going to assume that we can apply amplification, sign reversal, or both to the element output signals before adding those signals together. The results areshown in Figure 3 . We will compare the results in Figure 3 with the results discussed earlier in Figure 2 , so this may be a good time for you to open another copy of this module in a separate browser window if you haven't alreadydone so.

Figure 3. A three-element array with weighted sensors.
missing image

The leftmost pair of images

The leftmost pair of images in Figure 3 is similar to the leftmost pair of images in Figure 2 , except that we added a third element in Figure 3 .

All three elements in Figure 3 are weighted equally prior to summation. The separation between the left and center elements is the same as in Figure 2 . The separation between the center and right elements is the same as the separationbetween the left and center elements.

The wavenumber response

The most noticeable thing about the wavenumber response for this three-element array is that the central peak is narrower than the central peak for thetwo-element array at the left of Figure 2 . In addition, the trough between the central peak and the peaks at the ends is deeper, broader, and probably flatter (although the degree of flatness is hard to determine from this plotting format) .

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Digital signal processing - dsp. OpenStax CNX. Jan 06, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11642/1.38
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