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Practical professional learning is the sixth element. Our faculty and students seek to know the theoretical knowledge. But we also want the practical experience and knowledge that makes connections with real life. We strive to balance theory and practice. Theory informs practice and practice informs theory.

The last element of professional learning is being results-oriented. We want our professors to be excellent teachers. We also want student learning to increase. Hence, we have a concern for quality control such as the Quality Assurance Committee of the College of Graduate and Innovative Programs which oversees areas such as course gap analysis, CAFÉ, and peer review recommendations. Since efforts have been put into improving the quality of teaching, content, skills and learning, the student evaluations have resulted in higher ratings for our courses and faculty members.

In addressing the seven protocols for adult learners and professional development, we believe that there is always room for improvement. We are not satisfied with what we have done. We know we can do better. This leads us to go further.

Lens three: models of teacher development

Sergiovanni (2005) in his Models of Teacher Development provides us with a useful framework to examine four years of the CAFÉ experience. The three models as described in Table 2 include: in-service training, professional development and renewal. Through CAFÉ the three models as seen in Figure 1 can be described as: information, formation, and transformation.

Models of Teacher Development
  In-service Training Professional Development Renewal
Assumptions Knowledge stands above the teacher. The teacher stands above the knowledge. Knowledge is in the teacher.  
  Knowledge is, therefore, instrumental. It tells the teacher what to do. Knowledge is, therefore, conceptual. It informs the teacher’s decisions. Knowledge is, therefore, personal. It connects teachers to themselves and others.  
  Teaching is a job and teachers are technicians. Teaching is a profession and teachers are experts. Teaching is a calling and teachers are servants.  
  Mastery of skills is important. Development of expertise is important. Development of personal and professional self is important.  
Roles Teacher is consumer of knowledge Teacher is constructor of knowledge Teacher is internalizer of knowledge.  
  Principal is an expert. Principal is a colleague. Principal is a friend.    
Practices Emphasize technical competence. Emphasize clinical competence. Emphasize personal and critical competencies.  
  Build individual teacher’s skills. Build professional community. Build caring community.  
  Through training and practice. Through problem solving and inquiry. Through reflection and reevaluation.  
  By planning and delivering training. By emphasizing inquiry, problem solving, and research. By encouraging reflection, conversation, and discourse.

Source:  Thomas J. Sergiovanni, The Principalship: A Reflective Practice Perspective, 5 th Ed. Boston, MA. Allyn&Bacon. Copyright ©2005 by Pearson Education.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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