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Practical professional learning is the sixth element. Our faculty and students seek to know the theoretical knowledge. But we also want the practical experience and knowledge that makes connections with real life. We strive to balance theory and practice. Theory informs practice and practice informs theory.

The last element of professional learning is being results-oriented. We want our professors to be excellent teachers. We also want student learning to increase. Hence, we have a concern for quality control such as the Quality Assurance Committee of the College of Graduate and Innovative Programs which oversees areas such as course gap analysis, CAFÉ, and peer review recommendations. Since efforts have been put into improving the quality of teaching, content, skills and learning, the student evaluations have resulted in higher ratings for our courses and faculty members.

In addressing the seven protocols for adult learners and professional development, we believe that there is always room for improvement. We are not satisfied with what we have done. We know we can do better. This leads us to go further.

Lens three: models of teacher development

Sergiovanni (2005) in his Models of Teacher Development provides us with a useful framework to examine four years of the CAFÉ experience. The three models as described in Table 2 include: in-service training, professional development and renewal. Through CAFÉ the three models as seen in Figure 1 can be described as: information, formation, and transformation.

Models of Teacher Development
  In-service Training Professional Development Renewal
Assumptions Knowledge stands above the teacher. The teacher stands above the knowledge. Knowledge is in the teacher.  
  Knowledge is, therefore, instrumental. It tells the teacher what to do. Knowledge is, therefore, conceptual. It informs the teacher’s decisions. Knowledge is, therefore, personal. It connects teachers to themselves and others.  
  Teaching is a job and teachers are technicians. Teaching is a profession and teachers are experts. Teaching is a calling and teachers are servants.  
  Mastery of skills is important. Development of expertise is important. Development of personal and professional self is important.  
Roles Teacher is consumer of knowledge Teacher is constructor of knowledge Teacher is internalizer of knowledge.  
  Principal is an expert. Principal is a colleague. Principal is a friend.    
Practices Emphasize technical competence. Emphasize clinical competence. Emphasize personal and critical competencies.  
  Build individual teacher’s skills. Build professional community. Build caring community.  
  Through training and practice. Through problem solving and inquiry. Through reflection and reevaluation.  
  By planning and delivering training. By emphasizing inquiry, problem solving, and research. By encouraging reflection, conversation, and discourse.

Source:  Thomas J. Sergiovanni, The Principalship: A Reflective Practice Perspective, 5 th Ed. Boston, MA. Allyn&Bacon. Copyright ©2005 by Pearson Education.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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