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Geskiedenis

Graad 4

Hoe vervoer die mensdom gedien het

Module 10

Padvervoer en die vroeë ontwikkeling daarvan

Hierdie module vertel die ongelooflike verhaal van die ontwikkeling van padvervoer in die geskiedenis.

Aktiwiteit 1

Om kronologie in tyd te verstaan [lu 3.3]

A)werk in pare en kyk of jy die illustrasies van voertuie deur die eeue in die regte kronologiese volgorde kan rangskik.

1

2

3

4

5

B)watter ooreenkomste en verskille is daar tussen die pragtige formule een-renmotor en die eerste motor wat ratte gehad het?

Eerste motor met ratte

Formule Een-renmotor

Ons sal later nog oefeninge oor tyd doen.

Aktiwiteit 2

Om jou bronne te gebruik [lu 1.2]

Baie jare gelede het die San, die Khoina en die swart mense in ons land geleef.

Die San het gestap om water in die hande te kry, plante te soek om te eet en diere om te jag. Daarom het hulle meestal al hulle besittings saamgedra.

Die Khoina en die swart mense het vee aangehou. Partykeer het hulle vee as vervoermiddels gebruik. Hulle het ook met hulle vee handel gedryf.

Ondersoek meegaande sketse en maak aantekeninge vir jul klasgesprek oor hoe hierdie drie groepe bygedra het om vervoer te vergemaklik.

c)1. Benoem die soorte vervoer in prente (a), (b) en (c). Dink aan ‘n byskrif vir elke prent.

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

2. Wat dra of vervoer die mense in elke prent?

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

3. Hoe dink jy sou elkeen van hierdie groepe ‘n rivier oorsteek?

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

4. Wie kan:

  • die meeste goed en ......................................................................
  • die minste goed op een dag vervoer?...........................................

5. Waarvan is die vervoermiddel in prent (c) gemaak?....................................

6. Watter van hierdie soorte vervoer word vandag nog gebruik?.......................

......................................................................................................................

Aktiwiteit 3

Om die verlede te herskep [lu 3.3]

Later het die Nederlanders na ons land toe gekom en heeltemal ander maniere van vervoer saamgebring. In daardie tyd was perde, karre, waens en slawe in die dorpe ‘n algemene gesig. Die veeboere het ook ossewaens gebruik.

D)ondersoek ouma se skets en groepsverband en beantwoord daarna die vrae wat volg:

Die plein op Mooimeisiesfontein teen die jaar 1800.

  1. Watter oorsake en gevolge het die uitvinding van die wiel gehad?
  2. Hoeveel soorte vervoer is daar in die prent?
  3. Watter soorte vervoer word vandag nog in jou dorp gebruik?
  4. Hoekom loop party mense in die prent dan?
  5. Hoekom dra die slaaf die goedere aan ‘n paal oor sy skouer?
  6. Wat sien jy raak by die draagstoel se venster? Hoekom is dit so ontwerp?
  7. Hoe het ons die handkar en kruiwa vir hedendaagse gebruik aangepas? k. . . . .a
  8. Waarom is die waens se wiele so groot?
  9. Wat is die grootste verskil tussen die twee soorte ossewaens?
  10. Kan jy sien hoe Ouma met vandag en die verlede deurmekaar geraak het?
  11. Watter soorte vervoer sou jy verkies het om te gebruik?

Assessering

Leeruitkoms 1: geskiedkundige ondersoek

Die leerder is in staat om ondersoekvaardighede te gebruik om die verlede en die hede te ondersoek.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder

1.2 vrae beantwoord: inligting uit bronne gebruik om vrae te beantwoord.

Leeruitkoms 3: historiese interpretasie

Die leerder is in staat om aspekte van geskiedenis te interpreteer.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder

3.3 Rekonstrueer verlede: kan skryf, teken of vertel oor die gevoel i.v.m. historiese verhale wat hulle gehoor het.

Memorandum

  1. 5 3 2 1 4

b) Ooreenkomste: ry op wiele

het bestuurder nodig, ens.

Verskille: vaartbelyning, spoed, krag, aandrywing, ens.

c) 1. os/bees stap/dra slee van hout

2. Eie antwoorde

Eie antwoorde

  • Meeste: c Minste: b

5. Hout

6. Waarskynlik al drie

d) 1. Oorsake: spoed, gemak

Gevolge: busse, motors, fietse, rolskaatse, ratte, beroepe, paaie, ens.

2. 10 (Ossewa, kapkar, fiets, motor, ryperd, perdekar, draagstoel, draer, koets, stootkar).

3. Eie antwoorde.

  1. Eie antwoorde.
  2. Beter gebalanseerd as wanneer dit met die hand gedra word.
  3. Gordyn – kan oopmaak (meer privaat, veral vir ?)
  4. Hedendaagse kruiwa.
  5. Vinniger in beweging te kom.
  6. Een het tent, ander is oop.
  7. Ja, motor en fiets pas nie.
  8. Eie antwoorde.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11090/1.1
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