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English first additional language

Grade 8

Language as a tool

Module 12

To expand vocabulary

Using words for various purposes can be great fun and quite challenging. Now let us take a closer look at the Wonderful World of Words. We shall be looking at the use of dictionaries and how to use the most effective word in a specific situation.

Activity 1:

To expand vocabulary

To show some understanding of how reference books work

[lo 6.9, 3.8]

The Wonderful World of Words

This activity may be done with a partner.

You must, however, give your own answers after all discussion has been completed.

  • Have you used a THESAURUS before? .
  • What information does a Thesaurus give you?

A Thesaurus =

The following extract comes from the NEW COLLINS THESAURUS

Cool adj . 1 chilled, chilling, chilly, coldish, nippy, refreshing 2 calm, collected, composed, deliberate, dispassionate, imperturbable, level-headed, placid, quiet, relaxed, self-controlled, self-possessed, serene, together (s l.) , unemotional, unexcited, unruffled 3 aloof, apathetic, distant, frigid, incurious, indifferent, lukewarm, offhand, reserved, stand-offish, uncommunicative, unconcerned, unenthusiastic, unfriendly, uninterested, unresponsive, unwelcoming 4 audacious, bold, brazen, cheeky, impertinent, impudent, presumptuous, shameless 5 Inf. c osmopolitan, elegant, sophisticated, urbane v. 6 chill, cool off, freeze, lose heat, refrigerate 7 abate, allay, assuage, calm (down), dampen, lessen, moderate, quiet, temper – n. 8 s l. calmness, composure, control, poise, self-control, self-discipline, self-possession, temper

Replace the word cool in the following sentences with a word which has a similar meaning taken from the extract. (Remember you will first have to look at its meaning in the sentence.)

1. He was very cool towards me when I met him at the soccer match and this upset me. (no. 3)

2. The fireman was very cool when he rushed in to rescue the toddler from the burning room (2).

3. The evenings become cool as winter approaches. (no.1)

  1. She was quite cool when she went into the disco without her ID – she was underage. (no. 4)

5. I am going to cool this milk so that it does not become rancid. (no. 6)

6. He is quite a cool guy and everyone in the class wants to be seen with him. (no. 2)

Let us improve our work by replacing the underlined words in the following sentences with a more descriptive word. You may write down more than one answer!!!

  • It was a nice curry.
  • Gram’s garden had a nice smell.
  • The flea market has some nice things for sale.
  • She put lots of different spices into her curry.
  • It was a friendly street with lots of little shops.
  • Mr Smith had lots of magazines on his bookshelf at school.

There are many different characters in the story Mila’s Magic . Each one has a particular way of doing certain things, e.g. walking. There are different words to describe the different ways of walking . Here are a list of some of them.

In pairs, decide what the ACTION would be and WHY a person would walk like this. Some of you can demonstrate these walking motions to the rest of the class.

  • Now write a sentence next to each word in the list.
  • Demonstrate with these sentences the exact meaning of each word.Waddle; March; Hobble; Shuffle; Slouch; Stride; Limp; Saunter; Strut; Toddle

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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