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c. ara = 15;

d. *(ip2 + 2) = 15; // Assuming ip2 and ara are equal.

2.5) Run the following program and explain the output.


void swap(int a[], int *c1, int *c2, int *d1, int *d2);

void main()


int a[2], c1, c2,d1,d2;

int *x1, *x2, *y1, *y2;

a[0] = 1 ; a[1]=2;

c1 = 1; c2 =2;

d1 = 1; d2 =2;

x1 =&c1; x2 =&c2;

y1 =&d1; y2 =&d2;

swap(a, x1,x2,y1,y2);

cout<<a[0]<<a[1]<<” “

<<*x1<<*x2<<” ”


swap(a, x1,x2,y1,y2);

cout<<a[0]<<a[1]<<” “

<<*x1<<*x2<<” ”



void swap(int a[], int *c1, int *c2, int *d1, int *d2)


a[0] = 2 ; a[1]=1;

*c1=2, *c2 =1;

int* temp = d1;

d1 =d2;

d2 = temp;


2.6) Write a declaration to store the following values into an array named rates: 12.9, 18.6, 11.4, 13.7, 9.5, 15.2, 17.6. Include the declaration in a program that displays the values in the array using pointer notation.

2.7) Given the following function that can find the largest element in an integer array. Notice that the function scans the elements in the array using pointer arithmetic:

int findMax(int * vals, int numEls)


int j, max = *vals;

for (j = 1; j<numEls; j++)

if (max<*(vals + j))

max = *(vals + j);

return max;


Write a C++ program that inputs an integer array and invokes the above function to find the largest element in that array and displays the result out.

2.8) In the following program, the function str_output() can display a string which is passed to it as a a pointer parameter:



#define MAX 80

void str_output(char *);

int main()


char a[MAX], b[MAX];

cin.getline(a, MAX, '\n');






return 0;


void str_output(char *ptr)




a. Complete the function str_output() which displays each element in the string using pointer notation.

b. Run to test the whole program.

2.9) a. Write a function named days() that determines the number of days from the date 1/1/1900 for any date passed as a structure. Use the Date structure:

struct Date


int month;

int day;

int year;


In writing the days() function, use the convention that all years have 360 days and each month consists of 30 days. The function should return the number of days for any Date structure passed to it.

b. Rewrite the days() function to receive a pointer to a Date structure rather than a copy of the complete structure.

c. Include the function written in b) in a complete C++ program.

Lab session 8: introduction to classes

1. objective

The objectives of Lab session 8 are (1) to get familiar with how to define object classes; (2) to practice to write constructors and (3) to learn how to dynamically allocate/deallocate memory on the heap.

2. experiment

2.1) a. Read to understand the following program which uses the class student. Organize the program in one source program and run it on a C++ environment.


class student{


long int rollno;

int age;

char sex;

float height;

float weight;


void getinfo();

void disinfo();


void student::getinfo()


cout<<" Roll no :";


cout<<" Age :";


cout<<" Sex:";


cout<<" Height :";

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Programming fundamentals in c++. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10788/1.1
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