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Five kingdom system

This is the most common way of grouping living things based on simple distinctive characteristics. Classification systems are always changing as newinformation is made available. Modern technologies such as electron microscopy make it possible to observe microscopic organisms in greater detail. Thecurrent system was developed by Robert H. Whittaker in 1969 and was built on the work of previous biologists such as Carolus Linnaeus. The highest groupingis called a kingdom .

Five kingdoms: http://www.tutorvista.com/content/biology/biology-iii/modern-classification /five-kingdom-classification.php

Bug scope: Images of microscopic organisms http://bugscope.beckman.uiuc.edu/

Neok12: Animals and wildlife videos http://www.neok12.com/Animals-Wildlife.htm

Encyclopedia of life: Images and explanations of terms http://eol.org/index

Living things can be classified into five major kingdoms:

Kingdom Monera (Bacteria)

Kingdom Protista

Kingdom Fungi

Kingdom Plantae

Kingdom Animalia

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uJ8QeFRvJA&feature=related A video showing a brief summary of the five kingdoms

Distinctive features of the five kingdoms

Kingdom monera

  • Prokaryotic, unicellular.
  • No nuclear membrane or membrane bound organelles such as

chloroplasts, Golgi complex, mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum.

  • Have a cell wall made without cellulose.
  • Reproduction is mainly asexual by binary fission.
  • Important examples: Archaea, cyanobacteria (blue-green algae), bacteria

Interesting fact: Bacteria are found everywhere and are the most numerous organisms on Earth. In a single gram of soil, there are about 40 millionbacterial cells. The human body also contains 10 times as many bacterial cells as human cells!!

Kingdom protista

  • Eukaryotic, can be unicellular or simple multicellular.
  • Reproduction can be asexual or sexual.
  • Important examples: Plasmodium (causes malaria), amoeba, euglena

Kingdom fungi

  • Eukaryotic, multicellular (some unicellular like yeasts).
  • Have a cell wall made of chitin.
  • Non-motile with long extensions called hyphae.
  • Nutrition is heterotrophic: important as decomposers (saprophytes), can be parasitic.
  • Store food as glycogen
  • Reproduction is by spore formation (both asexual and sexual).
  • Important examples: Mushrooms, Penicillium (a fungus which was used to make penicillin), bread mould

http://blog.ted.com/2008/05/06/paul_stamets/ A TED video on the many uses of Fungi

Kingdom plantae

  • Eukaryotic, multicellular.
  • Distinct cell wall made of cellulose.
  • Have plastids and photosynthetic pigments such as chlorophyll.
  • Non-motile.
  • Nutrition is autotrophic (make their own food by photosynthesis).
  • Sexual reproduction.
  • Important examples: Green algae, mosses, ferns, conifers, flowering plants.

Kingdom animalia

  • Eukaryotic and multicellular but have no cell wall or photosynthetic pigments
  • Mostly motile
  • Heterotrophic nutrition.
  • Sexual or vegetative (asexual) reproduction
  • Important examples: Porifera (sponges), Mammalia, Insects

Additional resource:

Projects and assignments:

1. Research one beneficial and one harmful application of one member from each kingdom, with examples from their use in South Africa. Students can be groupedinto smaller groups and each one is given one kingdom to research. (Use www.arkive.org as a research tool for your favourite animal or plant or http://bugscope.becnkman.uiuc.edu/ for nice pictures of insects). Results can be presented in the form of a poster.

2. Go to your nearest supermarket or garden and find one representative organism for each kingdom. Present this information by drawing diagrams.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
why and for what was five kingdom of classification of organisms introduced
give the ans as fast as possible
Comment on the ozone depletion over the period of 1982 to 1996
Mpho Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Siyavula: life sciences grade 10. OpenStax CNX. Apr 11, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11410/1.3
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