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Aggregations often appeal to libraries, as they provide a library’s patrons with a single interface to multiple journals, simplifying use and lowering user training and support costs. Aggregations can also allow a library to license access to content that it would not otherwise be able to afford on a title-by-title basis. For a society, participating in an aggregation can help increase market penetration and generate revenue by facilitating library consortia sales.

Large collections of journals from commercial publishers have captured a growing share of academic library acquisitions budgets, putting pressure on subscriptions from small publishers, including societies. In response, some small publishers participate in multiple-publisher aggregations. These cooperative aggregations recognize that small publishers require sufficient revenue to offset the loss of institutional subscriptions to the primary journal. Examples of such nonprofit aggregators include Project Muse from the Johns Hopkins University Press, the ALPSP Learned Journals Collection (in partnership with Swets), HighWire Press, JSTOR, and subject-specific collections, including BioOne , GeoScienceWorld , and Scitation from the American Institute of Physics. Some of these collections allow for the purchase of individual titles, in addition to bundled collections.

Besides the nonprofit aggregations listed above, commercial services provide online aggregations of peer-reviewed journals for the academic market, including EBSCO Online, Factiva, Ingenta, LexisNexis, Ovid, ProQuest, Thomson Gale, H.W. Wilson, and others. Most of the large commercial aggregations include magazines, newspapers, and other content besides peer-reviewed journals. As noted in Chapter Four, many of these aggregations impose embargoes intended to minimize the effect on primary journal subscriptions.

Key online licensing terms and provisions

Online journal publication raises a variety of issues pertaining to permitted use, especially for institutional subscribers, that did not arise in a print environment. Besides the ready propagation of online versions, the use of digital versions in library e-reserve systems and in learning management systems raise additional questions about permitted use. As a result, many publishers govern the online distribution of journals through licenses that establish explicit terms and conditions of use. This is also true of open-access content, which is often governed by some form of Creative Commons license (see www.creativecommons.org ). According to one survey, both nonprofit and commercial publisher policies are trending towards allowing greater use of online material in e-reserves, course packs, and interlibrary loan. Cox and Cox (2008), 67-71.

A variety of model licenses can serve as the basis for a society’s online journal license. See, for example: the generic licensing models Web site developed by John Cox Associates ( (External Link) ), the Northeast Research Libraries Consortium (NERL) online licensing guidelines ( (External Link) ), and the National e-Journals Initiative (NESLi) license ( (External Link) ), as well as those of Creative Commons ( (External Link) ). Many of the model licenses were developed cooperatively by publisher associations and library organizations, and thus represent the interests of both groups. Another approach is to use the license terms proposed in the Shared Electronic Resources Understanding (SERU), which can accommodate the needs of many publishers and academic libraries, including the expectation of perpetual access (see ”Continuing Access,” below). See Hahn (2007) and NISO (2008a).

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Transitioning a society journal online: a guide to financial and strategic issues. OpenStax CNX. Aug 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11222/1.1
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