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Draw graphs of the functions f   and   f 1 from [link] .

Graph of f(x) and f^(-1)(x).
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Is there any function that is equal to its own inverse?

Yes. If f = f 1 , then f ( f ( x ) ) = x , and we can think of several functions that have this property. The identity function does, and so does the reciprocal function, because

1 1 x = x

Any function f ( x ) = c x , where c is a constant, is also equal to its own inverse.

Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with inverse functions.

Visit this website for additional practice questions from Learningpod.

Key concepts

  • If g ( x ) is the inverse of f ( x ) , then g ( f ( x ) ) = f ( g ( x ) ) = x . See [link] , [link] , and [link] .
  • Only some of the toolkit functions have an inverse. See [link] .
  • For a function to have an inverse, it must be one-to-one (pass the horizontal line test).
  • A function that is not one-to-one over its entire domain may be one-to-one on part of its domain.
  • For a tabular function, exchange the input and output rows to obtain the inverse. See [link] .
  • The inverse of a function can be determined at specific points on its graph. See [link] .
  • To find the inverse of a formula, solve the equation y = f ( x ) for x as a function of y . Then exchange the labels x and y . See [link] , [link] , and [link] .
  • The graph of an inverse function is the reflection of the graph of the original function across the line y = x . See [link] .

Section exercises

Verbal

Describe why the horizontal line test is an effective way to determine whether a function is one-to-one?

Each output of a function must have exactly one output for the function to be one-to-one. If any horizontal line crosses the graph of a function more than once, that means that y -values repeat and the function is not one-to-one. If no horizontal line crosses the graph of the function more than once, then no y -values repeat and the function is one-to-one.

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Why do we restrict the domain of the function f ( x ) = x 2 to find the function’s inverse?

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Can a function be its own inverse? Explain.

Yes. For example, f ( x ) = 1 x is its own inverse.

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Are one-to-one functions either always increasing or always decreasing? Why or why not?

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How do you find the inverse of a function algebraically?

Given a function y = f ( x ) , solve for x in terms of y . Interchange the x and y . Solve the new equation for y . The expression for y is the inverse, y = f 1 ( x ) .

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Algebraic

Show that the function f ( x ) = a x is its own inverse for all real numbers a .

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For the following exercises, find f 1 ( x ) for each function.

f ( x ) = x + 3

f 1 ( x ) = x 3

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f ( x ) = 2 x

f 1 ( x ) = 2 x

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f ( x ) = x x + 2

f 1 ( x ) = 2 x x 1

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f ( x ) = 2 x + 3 5 x + 4

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For the following exercises, find a domain on which each function f is one-to-one and non-decreasing. Write the domain in interval notation. Then find the inverse of f restricted to that domain.

f ( x ) = ( x + 7 ) 2

domain of f ( x ) : [ 7 , ) ; f 1 ( x ) = x 7

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f ( x ) = x 2 5

domain of f ( x ) : [ 0 , ) ; f 1 ( x ) = x + 5

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Given f ( x ) = x 2 + x and g ( x ) = 2 x 1 x :

  1. Find f ( g ( x ) ) and g ( f ( x ) ) .
  2. What does the answer tell us about the relationship between f ( x ) and g ( x ) ?

a.   f ( g ( x ) ) = x and g ( f ( x ) ) = x . b. This tells us that f and g are inverse functions

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Questions & Answers

sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
cr Reply
what is a reciprocal
Ajibola Reply
The reciprocal of a number is 1 divided by a number. eg the reciprocal of 10 is 1/10 which is 0.1
Shemmy
 Reciprocal is a pair of numbers that, when multiplied together, equal to 1. Example; the reciprocal of 3 is ⅓, because 3 multiplied by ⅓ is equal to 1
Jeza
each term in a sequence below is five times the previous term what is the eighth term in the sequence
Funmilola Reply
I don't understand how radicals works pls
Kenny Reply
How look for the general solution of a trig function
collins Reply
stock therom F=(x2+y2) i-2xy J jaha x=a y=o y=b
Saurabh Reply
sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
cr
root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
Himanshu Reply
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
amani Reply
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Aasik Reply
Wrong question
Saad
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
Kingsley Reply
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI
what is the best practice that will address the issue on this topic? anyone who can help me. i'm working on my action research.
Melanie Reply
simplify each radical by removing as many factors as possible (a) √75
Jason Reply
how is infinity bidder from undefined?
Karl Reply
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Vishal Reply
give the complete question
Shanky
4x=3-2 4x=1 x=1+4 x=5 5x
Olaiya
hi can you give another equation I'd like to solve it
Daniel
what is the value of x in 4x-2+3
Olaiya
if 4x-2+3 = 0 then 4x = 2-3 4x = -1 x = -(1÷4) is the answer.
Jacob
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4×=-1 4×/4=-1/4
LUTHO
then x=-1/4
LUTHO
4x-2+3 4x=-3+2 4x=-1 4x÷4=-1÷4 x=-1÷4
LUTHO
A research student is working with a culture of bacteria that doubles in size every twenty minutes. The initial population count was  1350  bacteria. Rounding to five significant digits, write an exponential equation representing this situation. To the nearest whole number, what is the population size after  3  hours?
David Reply
f(x)= 1350. 2^(t/20); where t is in hours.
Merkeb
Practice Key Terms 1

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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