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Justice is the first value in the University of Puerto Rico, College of Business Administration's Statement of Values. The purpose of this profile is to provide a more in-depth look at this important value. It will examine the core meaning of justice (justice as a fair agreement stemming from a social contract), its key features, different kinds of justice (distributive, retributive, compensatory, administrative), some useful frameworks in justice, cases involving justice, and a social contract exercise to convey the concept's core meaning. This profile will eventually be combined with profiles of the other four SOV values in a collection to be used in verifying and challenging ADEM's Statement of Values. It will be subjected to updates as the author continues research into this area and also has chance to assess in the classroom the success of the exercise the module offers.

Value profile: justice

The root or core meaning of justice is giving to each what is due.

Suppose you are moving and are trying to decide how to pay the three workers who are helping you. Giving each his and her due might simply consist of paying all three the same amount. This version of what is due is egalitarian. Or you might give a bit more to the worker whose oldest child is sick and needs expensive medical treatments. This version of giving each what is due is more necessitarian, that is, distributing on the basis of need. Or you could wait until the move has already occurred and give the most to the worker who did the most; this could be termed a merit-based approach to what is due. This example is presented in different sources. One is Beauchamp and Bowie (1988). Ethical Theory and Business, 3rd Edition . Upper Saddle, NJ: Prentice-Hall, p. 552.

Justice, then, in its core sense implies a distribution of something that accords with our common ideas of fairness, equality, merit, and impartiality.

Moving from this core meaning, justice classically divides into different senses. These are different senses distinguished by Manuel Velasquez (2006), Business Ethics: Concepts and Cases, 6 th ed . Upper Saddle River: NJ: Prentice-Hall, p. 88.

  1. Distributive Justice examines how to divide and allot fairly the benefits and harms that result from social cooperation.
  2. Retributive Justice concerns itself with the fair and impartial administration of punishment to wrongdoers.
  3. Compensatory Justice scrutinizes how we fairly compensate those who have been wrongfully harmed by others.
  4. Administrative Justice looks at how rules are fairly and impartially administered in a social, political, or organizational context.

Justice, hobbes, and the social contract

Many have worked to derive a conception of justice a version of the social contract. The exercises in this module have you look at justice as resulting from procedures derived from Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and John Rawls (1921-2002). (Hobbes selections come from Steven Cahn (editor), Classics of Western Philosophy, 2nd Edition. Indianaplis, IN: Hackett Press (1985): 361 and 368. Those on Rawls come from Theory of Justice or Ethical Theory and Business (edited by T Beauchamp and N Bowie, Upper Saddle, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1988, pp. 559-567.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Business, government, and society. OpenStax CNX. Mar 04, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10560/1.6
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