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I. introduction

The ever-improving computational prowess of mobile devices has enabled the combination of so many previously separated functions: the cell phone is now also a TV, a camera, a wallet full of credit cards, etc. We envisioned a phone camera that could go beyond simply capturing images and videos: with the help of back-end algorithms, this photography application will also be able to capture the image at the perfect moment of a person or multiple people jumping in the air.

Ii. motivation

More often than not, when we try to capture our excitement with a photo, we choose to capture the gesture that most effectively conveys the message: smiley face, hands in the air, feet off the ground. Yet we can only stay so long in mid-air that the perfectly-timed photo proves to be a hard task. That's why we develop this algorithm today, one that captures the perfect photo of the feet-off-the-ground ballerinas, cheerleaders, and supermen. On the other hand, we haven’t been able to find an application on either Apple App store or Android App store that does the similar trick.

Iii. goal

The goal of this application is to capture the whole process of jumping and landing as a series of photos and then chooses the frame(s) where a certain reference point on the object (eg. foot) is at a certain coordinate (eg. highest off the ground) in the photo. Among the frames chose, this algorithms will again compare the quality of the image and choose the clearest image. The algorithm will cope with both one person jumping, capturing the clear frame that the feet are at the highest point of the ground, as well as multiple people jumping together, capturing the clear frame that all people’s distance from the group are well balanced and aligned. After the selection is accomplished, extra frames will be deleted to reduce RAM occupancy. Besides, we will integrate the algorithm into the embedded system of an ios device and reach maximum performance in terms of both memory and speed.

Iv. potential problem

  1. The current algorithm that focuses on recognition might not be able to capture a rapidly moving target, thus potentially leaving important frames out of consideration.
  2. Recognition might be distracted by unwanted objects within the frame.
  3. Complicated image recognition algorithm might pose a challenge to the processing power of cell phone.

V. summary of approach

The input to our program could be either a photo stream or a video featuring a group of people jumping. If there are multiple people jumping in the image, we would also ask the user to specify the number of jumpers. First of all, the program would run face and upper body detection to locate the people in the image. However, since the face/body detection algorithm is not perfect, non-human components might be recognized as faces and real faces might go undetected. To deal with the problem, we have to perform a denoising process, which comes in two parts: the first would be to eliminate the background noise that is identified as faces (false positives), and the other would be to estimate the position of unrecognized faces (false negatives). With noise properly reduced, we would expect the program to recognize in each image exactly same number of faces as the number of jumpers specified by the user. Then, we would plot the position-time and velocity-time curves for everyone’s face, and selects the frame in which the jumping height is the highest and/or the velocity is nearly 0 as the best image. In the case that multiple people jump, we would recognize the frame in which everyone is in the air and their average jumping height is the largest as the optimal shot. The program selects the frame that everyone jumps the best i.e. each person is around the highest point in his/her projectile and there is no blur in the image. The back-end algorithms will continuously track the relative position of the person by locating his/her face and body within each frame and then calculates the relative displacement of the tracked object from frame to frame. As we know from Newton’s Law, an object at the peak of its projectile has 0 vertical velocity. In this case, a very small relative displacement of face/body indicates the possibility that the person is at the highest point of his projectile, thus suggesting such frame as a candidate for output.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Elec 301 projects fall 2015. OpenStax CNX. Jan 04, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11950/1.1
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