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Italy

  • Embryonic stem cell research, as well as therapeutic and reproductive cloning are banned.

Latvia

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning are prohibited, as of the 2002 Law on Sexual and Reproductive Health.

Lithuania

  • Embryonic stem cell research as well as therapeutic and reproductive cloning are prohibited.
  • Human embryos may be subjects only of clinical observations (non-invasive investigations).

The netherlands

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted, but all forms of cloning (reproductive and therapeutic) are banned.
  • There is a five year moratorium (ending in 2007) prohibiting therapeutic cloning.

Norway

  • Embryonic stem cell research, as well as therapeutic and reproductive cloning is banned.
  • Research on embryos and the use of techniques aimed at the production of genetically identical individuals is prohibited (The Medical Use of Biotechnology, 1995).

Poland

  • Human reproductive cloning and embryonic research are specifically prohibited.
  • Human embryos may not be used for non-therapeutic research.

Portugal

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned and therapeutic cloning is implicitly prohibited.
  • The law states that the cloning of human beings is prohibited (National Council of Ethics for the Life Sciences, 1997).

Russian federation

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning are.
  • For a five-year period starting in 2002, human cloning is prohibited, as well as the import and export of human cloned embryos (Law on Temporary Prohibition of Human Reproductive Cloning, 2002).

Slovakia

  • Embryonic stem cell research as well as therapeutic and reproductive cloning are banned.

Slovenia

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning are.
  • Human cloning for reproductive and therapeutic purposes is prohibited by the Law on Medically Assisted Reproduction (2000) and the Penal Code (2002).

Spain

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted, but reproductive and therapeutic cloning are banned.
  • Any therapeutic intervention, investigation, or research activity in pre-embryos in vitro, pre-embryos, or embryos and fetuses in utero will be authorized only if it does not alter the genetic makeup of the embryo, and as long as it is not aimed at one particular individual or race-selection. Research on in vitro embryos is allowed with parental consent, after the embryos have been frozen for five years or more.

Sweden

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned. (Act 1991/115 and Government Bill 2003/04:148)

Switzerland

  • Embryonic stem cell research is allowed on excess stocks of embryos produced naturally for artificial insemination.
  • Therapeutic and reproductive cloning are banned.

Turkey

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited.
  • Therapeutic cloning is allowed, but reproductive cloning is not (as of 1996).

Ukraine

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are not specifically permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Stem cell research: a science and policy overview. OpenStax CNX. Aug 03, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10445/1.1
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