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If the entire image must be in main memory, then the image must be small and only a limited number of processes can be active at anytime. This problem can be solved by using virtual memory, so that only a portion of the process image (the portion currently being used) needs to be in memory atany given time.

It states that unix is unsuitable for real-time applications because a process executing in kernel mode may not be preempted. elaborate.

Because there are circumstances under which a process may not be preempted (i.e., it is executing in kernel mode), it is impossiblefor the operating system to respond rapidly to real-time requirements.

Use the ps program to list all the processes running on a linux machine (including system processes and processes for all users). list oneProcess for each unique state that is listed (i.e. one per unique entry in the state column) and describe what state this process is in. see the manual pageFor help with ps. next, create five new processes in quick succession and leave them running. using ps, list their process identifiers. is there any relationBetween the identifiers they are assigned?

You can use ps ax to list all the processes on a Linux machine. Here is a list of some of the processes I found:

PID TTY STAT TIME COMMAND

1 ? S 0:04 init [3]

2 ? SN 0:00 [ksoftirqd/0]

3 ? S<0:02 [events/0]

4 ? S<0:00 [khelper]

9 ? S<0:00 [kthread]

18 ? S<0:06 [kacpid]

118 ? S<0:00 [kblockd/0]

176 ? S 0:00 [pdflush]

179 ? S<0:00 [aio/0]

178 ? S 0:01 [kswapd0]

771 ? S 0:04 [kseriod]

829 ? S<0:00 [ata/0]

843 ? S<0:00 [reiserfs/0]

983 ? Ss 0:00 /sbin/devfsd /dev

5192 ? S 0:00 [khubd]

6328 ? Ss 0:00 metalog [MASTER]

6332 ? S 0:00 metalog [KERNEL]

6366 ? Ss 0:00 /usr/sbin/acpid -c /etc/acpi/events

6991 ? Ss 0:00 /usr/sbin/cupsd

7326 ? Ss 0:00 /usr/sbin/fcron

7422 ? Ss 0:00 /usr/sbin/speedfreqd -P /var/run/speedfreq.pid -p pow

There are many more. The TTY column indicates whether the process is attached to a termanl, and STAT gives the state of the process.Most processes are sleeping (S), one has been given a low priority (N), and others have been given a high priority (<). Notice that typically important system processes have a high priority.

If you create five processes in quick succession, they will typically have sequential process identifiers.

How is a process switch different from a mode switch?

A process switch involves the operating system having to do a lot of work, whereas a mode switch is done completely in hardware. Amode switch involves saving the state of the current process (in hardware), changing to supervisor mode, then giving control to the operating system. Theidea is that the operating system will execute a short handler, then return control to the processor. The processor will restore the state of the originalprocess and continue.

With a process switch, the operating system must give control of the CPU to a different process, rather than resuming with theprevious process that was running. Thus it must save the context of the current process in its PCB, update the PCB state and accounting information, move thePCB to a new queue, execute the scheduling algorithm to choose a new process,remove the PCB of that process from the ready queue, update its memory management structures, and restore its context into the processor.

Questions & Answers

show that the set of all natural number form semi group under the composition of addition
Nikhil Reply
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_3_2_1
felecia
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The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction. 2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
SABAL Reply
1. x + 6 2 -------------- = _ x + 9 + 6 3 x + 6 3 ----------- x -- (cross multiply) x + 15 2 3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15) 3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (-2x from both) x + 18 = 30 (-18 from both) x = 12 Test: 12 + 6 18 2 -------------- = --- = --- 12 + 9 + 6 27 3
Pawel
2. (x) + (x + 2) = 60 2x + 2 = 60 2x = 58 x = 29 29, 30, & 31
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Ifeanyi
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x*x=2
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Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
mariel Reply
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1 x + 3x + 1 = 113 4x = 112, x = 28 Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
Pawel
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Rofiqul
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find the value of 2x=32
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divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
corri
X=16
Michael
Want to review on complex number 1.What are complex number 2.How to solve complex number problems.
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use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
how do we prove the quadratic formular
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4
Trista
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
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Mark
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
Brenna
(61/11,41/11,−4/11)
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x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
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Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
x+2y-z=7
Sidiki
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
-1
Shedrak
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
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how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
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why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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Source:  OpenStax, Operating systems. OpenStax CNX. Aug 13, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10785/1.2
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