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Natural sciences

Grade 4

Planet earth and the universe

Module 37

Investigating the mysteries of outer space


Investigating the mysteries of outer space and talking about satellites [lo 1.1, 1.3, 3.1]

Up ... up ... up...

I go

looking down on Earth


the moon I pass

with daring swing

and over there ...

a shiny thing ...

a star!

and many millions more

I dodge the planets one by one

here’s Venus

oh it’s really fun!

and Pluto there

the smallest one

I glide my rocket

down a sunbeam

and land in my bed ...

it was just a dream


Illustrate the poem.

It is every child’s dream to travel into space but few of us have the wonderful opportunity that Mark Shuttleworth had when he was able to go into outer space in 2002. But we can find out much about space by using a telescope.

The telescope

An Italian named Galileo Galilei made a telescope with which he could look at distant objects in 1609. He found that the brightly lit area of the sky that we call the Milky Way was actually composed of a myriad of stars. He could also see mountains and craters on the surface of the moon.

Make your own telescope from waste materials and then carry out the following assignments:

  • Use your telescope to look at the stars at night.
  • Do the same during the day but remember not to look directly at the sun as this can seriously damage your eyes.
  • You and your friends must now make up a story based on anything that you have seen through your telescope. This does not have to do with the stars but you may write about anything else. Give the class some feedback by means of role-play. Try to be creative!

Here are some ideas:

  • one group can be tourists
  • another group can be a sports team
  • another group can be television actors who act during a news bulletin
  • another group can present their story on the radio.


We live below a very deep layer of air that we call the atmosphere. The atmosphere provides us with oxygen to breathe; it keeps us warm and protects us from the rays of the sun. If we travel away from the earth through the earth’s atmosphere, the air becomes thinner and thinner and it becomes very difficult to breathe. At a height of about 10 km it is not possible to breathe without extra oxygen. At a height of 160 km above the earth’s surface there is hardly any air at all. Here we really are on our way into space!

In space there is no atmosphere. Sound does not travel and weather conditions, as we know them on earth, are unknown. Space begins where earth’s atmosphere ends. But we do not know where space ends. Spacecraft have already travelled from earth and deep into the universe, but have not yet reached any of the stars that are very far away. These stars are millions of kilometres away.


LEARNING OUTCOME 1: SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONSThe learner will be able to act confidently on curiosity about natural phenomena, and to investigate relationships and solve problems in scientific, technological and environmental contexts.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

  • plans investigations;

1.3 evaluates data and provides feedback on observations.

LEARNING OUTCOME 3: SCIENCE, SOCIETY AND THE ENVIRONMENTThe learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the interrelationships between science and technology, society and the environment.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

3.1 understands science and technology in the context of history and personal knowledge.


Hints for this module:

  • Always keep many old magazines in class, so that learners can cut pictures from them
  • Show them many pictures from books and magazines
  • Let the learners experience the subject matter practically
  • Encourage them to be creative when they do assignments or work in groups
  • Try to create activities whereby they can discover things themselves
  • If possible, show videos. Learners learn a lot through visual observation

The mystery of outer space

Read the poem to the class and let them draw a picture. Let them look for more poems or reports on space that they can read to the class.

The telescope

Make your own telescope from waste material. You can get ideas in various books


  • Try to show a video about space.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
in a comparison of the stages of meiosis to the stage of mitosis, which stages are unique to meiosis and which stages have the same event in botg meiosis and mitosis
Leah Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natural sciences grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11096/1.1
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