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Goals 2000 Educate America Act 1994 . These goals were seen as an increased role of federal government in education. The goals included child readiness for school, 90% high school graduation rate, student competencies in grades 4, 8, and 12 for English, mathematics, science, foreign language, civics and government, economics, art, history, and geography. Further, the goals include that every adult American would be literate. Another goal was that every school would promote partnerships to increase parental involvement (http://www.nd.edu/~rbarger/www7/goals200.html).

Elementary and Secondary Act - No Child Left Behind Act 2001 . This large act established a larger federal role in education in the areas of “improving the academic achievement of the disadvantaged (Title I), preparing, training, and recruiting high quality teachers and principals (Title II), language instruction for limited English proficient and immigrant students (Title IV), promoting informed parental choice and innovative programs (Title V), flexibility and accountability (Title VI), Indian, native Hawaiian, and Alaska native education (Title VII), and impact aid program (Title VIII). Some major components of this act were to close the achievement gap, hold schools accountable, use state assessment systems to ensure that students are meeting the challenge, promote school-wide reform, and elevate the quality of instruction.

Each state plan must adopt challenging academic content standards applied to all schools and children in the state. Additionally, each state plan must demonstrate based on academic assessments what constitutes adequate yearly progress of the state. Beginning with 2002-2003, states must produce annual State report cards and participate in biennial state academic assessments of 4 th and 8 th grade reading and mathematics under the National Assessment of Educational Progress. The state report card needs to be concise, presented in an understandable format, aggregate information on state academic assessments and disaggregated by race, ethnicity, gender, disability, migrant status, English proficiency, and status as economically disadvantage, most recent two year trend in student achievement in each subject area and for each grade level, graduation rates, professional qualifications of teachers in the state,

Inventions that impacted schools

This section identifies just a few of the inventions that impacted schools. The crayons were developed in 1903 and the Model T car was sold in 1908. In the 1930’s there was the development of scotch tape, the analog computer, and photocopiers, although it was not until the 1950’s when the photocopier became available commercially. The 1940’s found the advances with the electronic digital computer developed by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry at Iowa State University. The 1950’s advancements were television, and optic fiber. The1960’s had the audiocassette, the handheld calculator, the compact disk, and the computer mouse. The 1970’s saw the advancement with the floppy disk, the videocassette recorder, post it notes, laser printers, and cell phones. The 1980’s advancements were the Apple Macintosh personal computer, the IBM personal computer, Doppler radar and video games. The 1990’s advancements were the World Wide Web and HTML language. The 2000’s advancements were the portal music digital player and IPods. ( (External Link) .

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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