# 0.5 The best table in the world

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## Objective

The goals of this experiment are:

• to observe the reactions of several metals with cold water, hot water, acids and then other metal ions.
• to prepare an activity series of the metals based on the observations from the above reactions.

## Grading

You will be assessed on:

• observations of the reactions of several metals with cold water, hot water, acids and then other metal ions.
• preparation of an activity series of the metals based on the observations from the above reactions.
• answers to the post-lab questions.

## Background information

First, you are going to travel back to 1869 and marvel at how the first periodic law and table were born when only 63 elements had been discovered at the time. A 35 year old professor of general chemistry, Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev at the University of St. Petersburg (now Lennigrad) in Russia was shuffling his cards with the properties of each element on each card trying to organize his thoughts for his soon-to-be famous textbook on chemistry. When he realized that if the elements were arranged in the order of their atomic weights, there was a trend in properties that repeated itself several times! His paper was delivered by his graduate student, Nikolai Aleksandrivich Menchutkin before the Russian Chemical Society while Medeleev was busy visiting cheesemaking cooperatives at the time!

In order to see and find order among the elements, we must have some general acquaintance with them. Elements are made of matter, and matter is defined as anything that has mass and occupies space. This includes everything that you can see and a lot that you cannot. It follows that in order to distinguish between different types of matter (in other words different elements) we have to assess their properties.

There are two types of properties: intensive and extensive. In the former case, intensive properties do not depend on the how much of an element is present but do include state (whether a substance is a solid, liquid or gas), color and chemical reactivity. Extensive properties depend on the quantity of matter present - mass and volume are extensive properties.

Properties can be further categorized as either chemical or physical. A chemical change describes how the substance may change composition, such as spontaneously by combustion or in combination with other substances. On the other hand, physical changes are those properties that can be measured without changing the composition of the matter. Condensation of steam to water is a physical change.

## Introduction

What is there to know about the periodic table? Why is it important? Why does it appear in nearly every science lecture room and labs? Is it just a portrait of an aspect of chemistry or does it serve a useful purpose? Why is the name periodic appropriate? Why is the table arranged in such a way? What are the important features of the table? Does it give order to the approximately 120 known elements?

## Relative reactivity of metals and the activity series

A superficial glance at the Periodic Table will reveal that all known elements are listed by their chemical symbols. An in depth glance at the Periodic Table yields information on the mass of an atom of the element in atomic mass units (amu) for the molar mass of a mole ( $6\text{.}\text{02}×{\text{10}}^{\text{23}}$ ) of atoms in grams below the chemical symbol for each element. Above the chemical symbol for each element, there is a second number listed, the atomic number, which gives the number of protons (positively charged particles in the nucleus), or the number of electrons (negatively charged outside the nucleus) for a neutral atom.

#### Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Honors chemistry lab fall. OpenStax CNX. Nov 15, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10456/1.16
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