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This chapter introduces the use of computer-enabled methods of research in text analysis.

    Key concepts

  • Digital scholarship
  • Data-driven research
  • TextGrid and collaborative working
  • HiTHeR (High ThroughPut Computing in Humanities e-Research) and use of e-Infrastructure

Introduction

According to UNESCO reports, Britain tops the European lists of research publications per year in philology, literature and other text-based studies such as philosophy. Worldwide, Britain overtook the U.S. in 2006 in terms of book publications per year. In the list of countries for number of book publications in the latest available year, Britain is no. 1. These figures emphasize the urgent need for the British textual studies communities to explore new ways of dealing with this deluge of research data.

Based on these quoted figures, collaboration becomes fundamental to digital scholarship in textual studies. No researcher alone will be able to cope with the plethora of new daily published material. Furthermore, text analysis in the humanities can be a tedious and time-consuming task. But advanced computer-enabled methods make the process easier for digital or digitised works. Researchers can search large texts rapidly, conduct complex searches and have the results presented in context. The ease brought to the analysis process allows the researcher to engage with texts more thoroughly and can then lead to the development of insightful, well-crafted interpretations of texts.

Various projects have emerged internationally in recent years that allow for a new scale of textual studies research, in keeping with the idea of new data-driven research. Software developed by the US MONK (Metadata Offer New Knowledge) project helps humanities scholars discover and analyze patterns in texts, (External Link) while its sister project SEASR (Software Environment for the Advancement of Scholarly Research) enables digital humanities developers to design, build, and share software applications that support research and collaboration in textual studies. http://seasr.org/ Aus-e-Lit is an Australian project aimed at Australian literary scholars to allow them to seamlessly search across relevant databases and archives to retrieve reliable information on a particular author, topic or publication. http://www.itee.uq.edu.au/~eresearch/projects/aus-e-lit/ These are just three projects quite closely linked to e-Research initiatives, but there are many more. For over fifty years, there has been a worldwide academic movement to work on Digital Humanities, resulting in many achievements, especially in the field of textual studies. It is impossible in the space of this chapter to list all of these projects (for a history of Digital Humanities and some of the involved textual scholarship see Schreibman, Siemens et al. 2004). Instead, we shall concentrate on two projects linked to both Digital Humanities and e-Research, which exemplify in very particular ways two major new developments in textual studies research that are directly linked to the shift in methodologies based on data-driven research: the German TextGrid project illustrates the value of new collaborative research in textual studies, while the UK project HiTHeR (High ThroughPut Computing in Humanities e-Research) demonstrates the effective use of e-Infrastructure to support everyday research in the Digital Humanities.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Research in a connected world. OpenStax CNX. Nov 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10677/1.12
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