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This chapter introduces the use of computer-enabled methods of research in text analysis.

    Key concepts

  • Digital scholarship
  • Data-driven research
  • TextGrid and collaborative working
  • HiTHeR (High ThroughPut Computing in Humanities e-Research) and use of e-Infrastructure

Introduction

According to UNESCO reports, Britain tops the European lists of research publications per year in philology, literature and other text-based studies such as philosophy. Worldwide, Britain overtook the U.S. in 2006 in terms of book publications per year. In the list of countries for number of book publications in the latest available year, Britain is no. 1. These figures emphasize the urgent need for the British textual studies communities to explore new ways of dealing with this deluge of research data.

Based on these quoted figures, collaboration becomes fundamental to digital scholarship in textual studies. No researcher alone will be able to cope with the plethora of new daily published material. Furthermore, text analysis in the humanities can be a tedious and time-consuming task. But advanced computer-enabled methods make the process easier for digital or digitised works. Researchers can search large texts rapidly, conduct complex searches and have the results presented in context. The ease brought to the analysis process allows the researcher to engage with texts more thoroughly and can then lead to the development of insightful, well-crafted interpretations of texts.

Various projects have emerged internationally in recent years that allow for a new scale of textual studies research, in keeping with the idea of new data-driven research. Software developed by the US MONK (Metadata Offer New Knowledge) project helps humanities scholars discover and analyze patterns in texts, (External Link) while its sister project SEASR (Software Environment for the Advancement of Scholarly Research) enables digital humanities developers to design, build, and share software applications that support research and collaboration in textual studies. http://seasr.org/ Aus-e-Lit is an Australian project aimed at Australian literary scholars to allow them to seamlessly search across relevant databases and archives to retrieve reliable information on a particular author, topic or publication. http://www.itee.uq.edu.au/~eresearch/projects/aus-e-lit/ These are just three projects quite closely linked to e-Research initiatives, but there are many more. For over fifty years, there has been a worldwide academic movement to work on Digital Humanities, resulting in many achievements, especially in the field of textual studies. It is impossible in the space of this chapter to list all of these projects (for a history of Digital Humanities and some of the involved textual scholarship see Schreibman, Siemens et al. 2004). Instead, we shall concentrate on two projects linked to both Digital Humanities and e-Research, which exemplify in very particular ways two major new developments in textual studies research that are directly linked to the shift in methodologies based on data-driven research: the German TextGrid project illustrates the value of new collaborative research in textual studies, while the UK project HiTHeR (High ThroughPut Computing in Humanities e-Research) demonstrates the effective use of e-Infrastructure to support everyday research in the Digital Humanities.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Research in a connected world. OpenStax CNX. Nov 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10677/1.12
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