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This chapter introduces the use of computer-enabled methods of research in text analysis.

    Key concepts

  • Digital scholarship
  • Data-driven research
  • TextGrid and collaborative working
  • HiTHeR (High ThroughPut Computing in Humanities e-Research) and use of e-Infrastructure

Introduction

According to UNESCO reports, Britain tops the European lists of research publications per year in philology, literature and other text-based studies such as philosophy. Worldwide, Britain overtook the U.S. in 2006 in terms of book publications per year. In the list of countries for number of book publications in the latest available year, Britain is no. 1. These figures emphasize the urgent need for the British textual studies communities to explore new ways of dealing with this deluge of research data.

Based on these quoted figures, collaboration becomes fundamental to digital scholarship in textual studies. No researcher alone will be able to cope with the plethora of new daily published material. Furthermore, text analysis in the humanities can be a tedious and time-consuming task. But advanced computer-enabled methods make the process easier for digital or digitised works. Researchers can search large texts rapidly, conduct complex searches and have the results presented in context. The ease brought to the analysis process allows the researcher to engage with texts more thoroughly and can then lead to the development of insightful, well-crafted interpretations of texts.

Various projects have emerged internationally in recent years that allow for a new scale of textual studies research, in keeping with the idea of new data-driven research. Software developed by the US MONK (Metadata Offer New Knowledge) project helps humanities scholars discover and analyze patterns in texts, (External Link) while its sister project SEASR (Software Environment for the Advancement of Scholarly Research) enables digital humanities developers to design, build, and share software applications that support research and collaboration in textual studies. http://seasr.org/ Aus-e-Lit is an Australian project aimed at Australian literary scholars to allow them to seamlessly search across relevant databases and archives to retrieve reliable information on a particular author, topic or publication. http://www.itee.uq.edu.au/~eresearch/projects/aus-e-lit/ These are just three projects quite closely linked to e-Research initiatives, but there are many more. For over fifty years, there has been a worldwide academic movement to work on Digital Humanities, resulting in many achievements, especially in the field of textual studies. It is impossible in the space of this chapter to list all of these projects (for a history of Digital Humanities and some of the involved textual scholarship see Schreibman, Siemens et al. 2004). Instead, we shall concentrate on two projects linked to both Digital Humanities and e-Research, which exemplify in very particular ways two major new developments in textual studies research that are directly linked to the shift in methodologies based on data-driven research: the German TextGrid project illustrates the value of new collaborative research in textual studies, while the UK project HiTHeR (High ThroughPut Computing in Humanities e-Research) demonstrates the effective use of e-Infrastructure to support everyday research in the Digital Humanities.

Questions & Answers

what is the meaning of function in economics
Effah Reply
Pls, I need more explanation on price Elasticity of Supply
Isaac Reply
Is the degree to the degree of responsiveness of a change in quantity supplied of goods to a change in price
Afran
Discuss the short-term and long-term balance positions of the firm in the monopoly market?
Rabindranath Reply
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Soumya
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Mitiku
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Mitiku
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through hard study and performing well than expected from you
Mitiku
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prepare first, in psychologically as well as potentially to sacrifice what's expected from you, when I say this I mean that you have to be ready, for every thing and to accept failure as a good and you need to change them to potential for achievement of ur goals
Mitiku
parna kya hai behencho?
Soumya
Hallo
Rabindranath
Hello, dear what's up?
Mitiku
cool
Momoh
good morning
Isaac
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Isaac
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Afran
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Afran
what is firms
Anteyi Reply
A firm is a business entity which engages in the production of goods and aimed at making profit.
Avuwada
What is autarky in Economics.
Avuwada
what is choice
Tia Reply
So how is the perfect competition different from others
Rev Reply
what is choice
Tia
please what type of commodity is 1.Beaf 2.Suagr 3.Bread
Alfred Reply
1
Naziru
what is the difference between short run and long run?
Ukpen Reply
It just depends on how far you would like to run!!!🤣🤣🤣
Anna
meaning? You guys need not to be playing here; if you don't know a question, leave it for he that knows.
Ukpen
pls is question from which subject or which course
Ada
Is this not economics?
Ukpen
This place is meant to be for serious educational matters n not playing ground so pls let's make it a serious place.
Docky
Is there an economics expert here?
Docky
Okay and I was being serous
Anna
The short run is a period of time in which the quantity of at least one inputs is fixed...
Anna
that is the answer that I found online and in my text book
Anna
Elacisity
salihu
Meaning of economics
Suraj Reply
It will creates rooms for an effective demands.
Chinedum Reply
different between production and supply
babsnof
Hii
Suraj
hlo
eshita
What is the economic?
Suraj
Economics is a science which study human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce means which has an alternative use.
Mr
what is supply
babsnof
what is different between demand and supply
Debless Reply
Demand refers to the quantity of products that consumers are willing to purchase at various prices per time while Supply has to do with the quantity of products suppliers are willing to supply at various prices per time. find the difference in between
Saye
Please what are the effects of rationing Effect of black market Effects of hoarding
Atty Reply
monoply is amarket structure charecrized by asingle seller and produce a unique product in the market
Cali Reply
yes
Niraj
I want to know wen does the demand curve shift to the right
Nana
demand curve shifts to the right when there's an increase in price of a substitute or increase in income
kin
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kin
what are the factor that change the curve right
Nana
explain the law of supply in simple .....
freshwater
the Law of supply: states that all factor being equal, when the price of a particular goods increase the supply will also increase, as it decreases the supply will also decrease
kin
@Nana the factor that changes or shift the d demand curve to the right is 1) the increase in price of a substitute good or commodity 2) increase in income
kin
you can send your questions I am Comr. Kin chukwuebuka
kin
different between bill of exchange n treasure bill
Nana
yes
Ada
so would you tell me what means an apportunity cost plz?
Cali
what is true cost
Akiti
your question isn't correct naadi
Anthonia
define an apportunity cost?
Cali
orukpe ,is my question whats wrong or u dont know anything?
Cali
In a simple term, it is an Alternative foregone.
Sule
opportunity cost is the next best value of a scale of preference
Akiti
Both of you are not correct.
Nelly
opportunity cost: is a forgone alternative
kin
Monopoly is where is one producer produces a given product with no close substitute
James
what is income effect?
Qwecou Reply
if you borrow $5000 to buy a car at 12 percent compounded monthly to be repaid over the next 4 year what is monthly payment
Nitish Reply
Researchers demonstrated that the hippocampus functions in memory processing by creating lesions in the hippocampi of rats, which resulted in ________.
Mapo Reply
The formulation of new memories is sometimes called ________, and the process of bringing up old memories is called ________.
Mapo Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Research in a connected world. OpenStax CNX. Nov 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10677/1.12
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