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What makes music “modern”? This module proposes that heightened ambiguity differentiates experimental 20th-century music from the classical repertoire.
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Introduction

A tension exists between the enduring aspects of the human condition, rooted in our biological make-up, and those aspects of our experience that are impermanent, transitory and rapidly progressing. Physically, we have evolved very gradually. Our maturation process, our inner urges, our life cycle have endured for thousands of years, deeply connecting us to our ancestors from the distant past. Over time, we have“stretched”ourselves biologically—we are taller and live longer-- but our essential nature and basic physiognomy have remained the same. On the other hand, in almost every other respect—socially, scientifically, technologically, etc. --the transformations have been far-reaching and dramatic. A caveman from ten thousand years might recognize our bodies; but he would not recognize our world.

One of the purposes of art is to explore this tension between the enduring and the progressing.

Thus, each era of art makes a unique and irreplaceable contribution, illuminating for us a particular moment in humanity’s on-going development.

Whether in ballet, theater, fiction, poetry, architecture or film, the educated public acknowledges and celebrates the continuity of artistic creation and its perpetual innovations and discoveries. Mavericks such as William Faulkner, T.S. Eliot and e.e. cummings in literature, Martha Graham and Merce Cunningham in dance, Pablo Picasso and Mark Rothko in art, Frank Lloyd Wright and Frank Gehry in architecture, Harold Pinter and Edward Albee in theater—to name just a few—all have found an enduring and devoted public: We wait for Godot, we are dazzled by Gehry’s forms, are awed by Picasso’s fractured portraits.

In contrast, progressive modern music of the past one hundred years has struggled to find an audience. Many major musicians consider it possible to live a full professional life without performing the music of their own time. Orchestral programming routinely favors the traditional repertoire. A large community of prominent performers, theorists and historians avoid the creative work of the last century, treating it as an aberration. To many listeners, Western concert music as they know and love it ended, for all practical purposes, at the turn of the 20th-century.

As a result, something deeply meaningful is lost. No one speaks with greater passion and eloquence than Beethoven about the tension between the enduring and transient parts of our selves. But he does so for his own time. Our own era is more heterogeneous than Beethoven’s, more unstable, and more imbued with ambiguities. Beethoven’s world did not have a conception of the unconscious; now psychologists describe most of our mental activities as being beyond our direct awareness. In Beethoven’s world, science depicted the natural world as a giant, predictable machine; in our time, we understand that unpredictability is built into the fabric of the cosmos. In Beethoven’s world, news traveled slowly; in ours, the stock market is updated by the minute on home computers. The New York Times once ran a headline,”Did Music End With Mozart?”As long as our world is developing, as long as our vision of life is evolving, no composer will ever have the last word.

Questions & Answers

show that the set of all natural number form semi group under the composition of addition
Nikhil Reply
explain and give four Example hyperbolic function
Lukman Reply
_3_2_1
felecia
⅗ ⅔½
felecia
_½+⅔-¾
felecia
The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction. 2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
SABAL Reply
1. x + 6 2 -------------- = _ x + 9 + 6 3 x + 6 3 ----------- x -- (cross multiply) x + 15 2 3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15) 3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (-2x from both) x + 18 = 30 (-18 from both) x = 12 Test: 12 + 6 18 2 -------------- = --- = --- 12 + 9 + 6 27 3
Pawel
2. (x) + (x + 2) = 60 2x + 2 = 60 2x = 58 x = 29 29, 30, & 31
Pawel
ok
Ifeanyi
on number 2 question How did you got 2x +2
Ifeanyi
combine like terms. x + x + 2 is same as 2x + 2
Pawel
x*x=2
felecia
2+2x=
felecia
Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
mariel Reply
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1 x + 3x + 1 = 113 4x = 112, x = 28 Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
Pawel
how do I set up the problem?
Harshika Reply
what is a solution set?
Harshika
find the subring of gaussian integers?
Rofiqul
hello, I am happy to help!
Shirley Reply
please can go further on polynomials quadratic
Abdullahi
hi mam
Mark
I need quadratic equation link to Alpa Beta
Abdullahi Reply
find the value of 2x=32
Felix Reply
divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
corri
X=16
Michael
Want to review on complex number 1.What are complex number 2.How to solve complex number problems.
Beyan
yes i wantt to review
Mark
use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
how do we prove the quadratic formular
Seidu Reply
please help me prove quadratic formula
Darius
hello, if you have a question about Algebra 2. I may be able to help. I am an Algebra 2 Teacher
Shirley Reply
thank you help me with how to prove the quadratic equation
Seidu
may God blessed u for that. Please I want u to help me in sets.
Opoku
what is math number
Tric Reply
4
Trista
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
can you teacch how to solve that🙏
Mark
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
Brenna
(61/11,41/11,−4/11)
Brenna
x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
Brenna
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
x+2y-z=7
Sidiki
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
-1
Shedrak
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Michael's sound reasoning. OpenStax CNX. Jan 29, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10400/1.1
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