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This module describes discrete time aperiodic signals.

Introduction

This module describes the type of signals acted on by the Discrete Time Fourier Transform.

Relevant spaces

The Discrete Time Fourier Transform maps arbitrary discrete time signals in l 2 to finite-length, discrete-frequency signals in L 2 0 2 .

Mapping l 2 in the time domain to L 2 0 2 in the frequency domain.

Periodic and aperiodic signals

When a function repeats itself exactly after some given period, or cycle, we say it's periodic . A periodic function can be mathematically defined as:

f n f n m N m m
where N 0 represents the fundamental period of the signal, which is the smallest positive value of N for the signal to repeat. Because of this, you may also see a signal referred to as an N-periodic signal.Any function that satisfies this equation is said to be periodic with period N. Periodic signals in discrete time repeats themselves in each cycle. However, only integers are allowed as time variable in discrete time. We denote signals in such case as f[n], n = ..., -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, ... Here's an example of a discrete-time periodic signal with period N:

Discrete-time periodic signal

Notice the function is the same after a time shift of N

We can think of periodic functions (with period N ) two different ways:

  1. as functions on all of
    discrete time periodic function over all of where f n 0 f n 0 N
  2. or, we can cut out all of the redundancy, and think of them as functions on an interval 0 N (or, more generally, a a N ). If we know the signal is N-periodic then all the information of the signal is captured by the above interval.
    Remove the redundancy of the period function so that f n is undefined outside 0 N .

An aperiodic DT function, however, f n does not repeat for any N ; i.e. there exists no N such that this equation holds. This broader class of signals can only be acted upon by the DTFT.

Suppose we have such an aperiodic function f n . We can construct a periodic extension of f n called f No n , where f n is repeated every N 0 seconds. If we take the limit as N 0 , we obtain a precise model of an aperiodic signal for which all rules that govern periodic signals can be applied, including Fourier Analysis (with an important modification). For more detail on this distinction, see the module on the Discete Time Fourier Transform .

Aperiodic signal demonstration

AperiodicDemo
Click on the above thumbnail image (when online) to download an interactive Mathematica Player testing Periodic versus Aperiodic Signals. To download, right-click and save as .cdf.

Conclusion

A discrete periodic signal is completely defined by its values in one period, such as the interval [0,N].Any aperiodic signal can be defined as an infinite sum of periodic functions, a useful definition that makes it possible to use Fourier Analysis on it by assuming all frequencies are present in the signal.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Signals and systems. OpenStax CNX. Aug 14, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10064/1.15
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