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The bassoon is a double-reed orchestral woodwind.

Introduction

The bassoon is a double-reed aerophone , and is the largest of the standard orchestral woodwinds . Although called bassoon in English, it is called fagotto or fagott or fagotte in other European languages, possibly because its construction reminded someone of a bundle of wood.

The instrument

The bassoon is constructed of 5 separable parts. The mouthpiece is just two pieces of reed bound together - hence the term double reed - set into a thin metal crook or bocal that leads the air into the main body of the instrument. In the tenor joint the air travels down toward the butt , where it makes a sharp turn back upward to travel through the bass joint and the bell , which ends above the players head.

The total length of the bassoon, including reed and crook, is over 9 ft. The large size of this woodwind means that its finger holes have to be bored through the wood at an angle to make it playable; otherwise they would be too far apart for the fingers. These angled holes have a strong effect on the timbre of the instrument; the upper harmonics of each note are stronger than the fundamental , giving the bassoon its strongly "reedy" color.

The double bassoon or contrabassoon is even larger and longer; the air doubles back yet again to a downward-facing bell, and the instrument sounds an octave lower than the regular bassoon. Its timbre is rich and deep, and not so reedy.

Like the oboe, the bassoon has a conical bore , so it overblows at the octave .

Different bassoons may have different key systems, and instruments are highly individual. Players of brass, strings, or other woodwinds don't like to switch instruments, but in an emergency they can do it if they have to. A bassoon player simply can't; the instruments are too individualistic.

Written range of bassoons

The bassoon sounds as written. The contrabassoon, written in the same range, sounds one octave lower.

History

The bassoon evolved during the 17th century from the curtal. Early bassoons were made from a single block of wood.

Most early woodwinds had holes covered by the fingers rather than keys . But the bassoon is quite large for a woodwind instrument, and its holes must be a certain distance apart in order to give a proper scale. To make things a little easier on the fingers, the holes are bored into the wood at an angle, but keys are still necessary to make the instrument reasonably playable. The bassoon had some keys already by the early 1600's, and more were gradually added to make the fully keyed modern instrument. In the 19th century various German instrument makers experimented with different systems of keys; the system perfected by Heckel became the most popular, but (unlike most other woodwinds) there are still different key systems and different fingering methods in use.

Repertoire

    If you would like to hear bassoons, here are some suggestions for music that should be easy to find.

  • Igor Stravinsky's Le Sacre du printemps ("Rite of Spring") begins with a bassoon solo in the high register of the instrument.
  • Dukas' L'Apprenti Sorcier ("The Sorcerer's Apprentice" - yes, the same one that Mickey Mouse popularized) may be the most well-known bassoon tune.
  • The second movement of Rimsky-Korsakob's Sheherezade includes a couple of extended bassoon solos.
  • If you'd like to listen to a bassoon concerto, those by Vivaldi or Mozart may be easiest to find.
  • The grandfather in Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf is a bassoon.

Practical information for composers and arrangers

The bassoon is a nontransposing instrument, with written parts that switch freely from bass to tenor and occasionally treble clef . It is not as agile as the other woodwinds, but can handle moderately fast passages.

The bassoon is the bass of the woodwind section. In orchestral music, it sometimes doubles the cello part. Its distinctive timbre is also useful for solo work, and has been used effectively to evoke every mood from comical to dreamy.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
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da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
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Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
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Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
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what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A parent's guide to band. OpenStax CNX. Jun 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10428/1.1
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