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It is fine if the answer to any question is "I don't know." Do not guess at answers. Do not start looking up things that you don't know (yet). Do not spend a lot of time analyzing an aspect of the music that is difficult for you (yet). Those steps will happen after you have decided which aspects of the piece are most useful for you to understand. You can use any of the following resources to help you answer the questions, as long as it is quick and easy for you to use them:

  • Recordings of the piece : Listen to recordings of the piece as often and as carefully as you like.
  • Written versions of the piece , if they are available, and you can read the notation, and you do not want to focus on training yourself to analyze music by ear.
  • Your own instrument , if you can play through or figure out parts of the piece, and if that will help you understand it better.
  • Your own written or notated jottings , if you can create useful explanations and reminders about the elements of the piece, in words, formal notation, or your own made-up notation, while you listen to or play through the piece.

Overview of timbres used

Questions about timbre are questions about what types of sounds are used in the music.


If voices are used in the piece:

  • What kinds of voices are they? (Men, women, children? Tenors or basses? Professional singers, music students, amateurs?
  • What do the voices do? Do they sing, chant, recite, yell, hum?
  • How would you describe the tone quality of the voices? Operatic, growly, nasal?
  • To what extent are these answers typical of this type of piece? (For example, could a female voice be used instead of a male? Is yelling expected or unusual in this music style?)
  • What are the constraints of using a voice in this way? (For example, what is the range of a professional tenor voice, or the capabilities of young student singers?)


If musical instruments are used in the piece:

  • What are the instruments used?
  • What is each instrument's function? Does it, for example, play solo melodies, create a rhythmic pattern, play chords, or a drone, or a harmony or bass line?
  • How would you describe the types of sounds available to each of these instruments in this type of piece? (For example, does the instrument sound strident at the top of its range but quiet and breathy in a lower range. Is it an electronic instrument that has multiple timbres available at the touch of a button?)
  • Do the instruments, and the way they are used, strongly suggest a particular musical style or tradition?
  • In what ways are the instruments, and the way they are used, typical or unusual for this type of piece?

Other sounds

If there are sounds in the piece that are not created using voices or musical instruments:

  • How would you describe the sounds? (Are they samples from other music? Are they crashes, clicks, tones, animal sounds?)
  • What was used to create the sounds?
  • In what ways are these sounds typical or unusual for this type of piece?

Overview of how pitches are used

The pitch of a sound is a quality related to its frequency and wavelength. In English we describe sounds with higher frequency (and shorter wavelength) as "sounding higher" or having a "higher pitch." Sounds that do not have a specific frequency (such as a cymbal crash or a drum hit) are unpitched . Sounds that slide quickly from one pitch to another (such as a siren or the chirping sound made by some birds) have variable pitch . Sounds that stay on a particular pitch long enough to be considered a sound with that pitch are called tones .

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Music inquiry. OpenStax CNX. Mar 18, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11455/1.4
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