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It is fine if the answer to any question is "I don't know." Do not guess at answers. Do not start looking up things that you don't know (yet). Do not spend a lot of time analyzing an aspect of the music that is difficult for you (yet). Those steps will happen after you have decided which aspects of the piece are most useful for you to understand. You can use any of the following resources to help you answer the questions, as long as it is quick and easy for you to use them:

  • Recordings of the piece : Listen to recordings of the piece as often and as carefully as you like.
  • Written versions of the piece , if they are available, and you can read the notation, and you do not want to focus on training yourself to analyze music by ear.
  • Your own instrument , if you can play through or figure out parts of the piece, and if that will help you understand it better.
  • Your own written or notated jottings , if you can create useful explanations and reminders about the elements of the piece, in words, formal notation, or your own made-up notation, while you listen to or play through the piece.

Overview of timbres used

Questions about timbre are questions about what types of sounds are used in the music.


If voices are used in the piece:

  • What kinds of voices are they? (Men, women, children? Tenors or basses? Professional singers, music students, amateurs?
  • What do the voices do? Do they sing, chant, recite, yell, hum?
  • How would you describe the tone quality of the voices? Operatic, growly, nasal?
  • To what extent are these answers typical of this type of piece? (For example, could a female voice be used instead of a male? Is yelling expected or unusual in this music style?)
  • What are the constraints of using a voice in this way? (For example, what is the range of a professional tenor voice, or the capabilities of young student singers?)


If musical instruments are used in the piece:

  • What are the instruments used?
  • What is each instrument's function? Does it, for example, play solo melodies, create a rhythmic pattern, play chords, or a drone, or a harmony or bass line?
  • How would you describe the types of sounds available to each of these instruments in this type of piece? (For example, does the instrument sound strident at the top of its range but quiet and breathy in a lower range. Is it an electronic instrument that has multiple timbres available at the touch of a button?)
  • Do the instruments, and the way they are used, strongly suggest a particular musical style or tradition?
  • In what ways are the instruments, and the way they are used, typical or unusual for this type of piece?

Other sounds

If there are sounds in the piece that are not created using voices or musical instruments:

  • How would you describe the sounds? (Are they samples from other music? Are they crashes, clicks, tones, animal sounds?)
  • What was used to create the sounds?
  • In what ways are these sounds typical or unusual for this type of piece?

Overview of how pitches are used

The pitch of a sound is a quality related to its frequency and wavelength. In English we describe sounds with higher frequency (and shorter wavelength) as "sounding higher" or having a "higher pitch." Sounds that do not have a specific frequency (such as a cymbal crash or a drum hit) are unpitched . Sounds that slide quickly from one pitch to another (such as a siren or the chirping sound made by some birds) have variable pitch . Sounds that stay on a particular pitch long enough to be considered a sound with that pitch are called tones .

Questions & Answers

explain and give four Example hyperbolic function
Lukman Reply
The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction. 2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
1. x + 6 2 -------------- = _ x + 9 + 6 3 x + 6 3 ----------- x -- (cross multiply) x + 15 2 3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15) 3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (-2x from both) x + 18 = 30 (-18 from both) x = 12 Test: 12 + 6 18 2 -------------- = --- = --- 12 + 9 + 6 27 3
2. (x) + (x + 2) = 60 2x + 2 = 60 2x = 58 x = 29 29, 30, & 31
on number 2 question How did you got 2x +2
combine like terms. x + x + 2 is same as 2x + 2
Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
mariel Reply
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1 x + 3x + 1 = 113 4x = 112, x = 28 Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
how do I set up the problem?
Harshika Reply
what is a solution set?
find the subring of gaussian integers?
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Shirley Reply
please can go further on polynomials quadratic
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I need quadratic equation link to Alpa Beta
Abdullahi Reply
find the value of 2x=32
Felix Reply
divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
Want to review on complex number 1.What are complex number 2.How to solve complex number problems.
yes i wantt to review
use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
how do we prove the quadratic formular
Seidu Reply
please help me prove quadratic formula
hello, if you have a question about Algebra 2. I may be able to help. I am an Algebra 2 Teacher
Shirley Reply
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what is math number
Tric Reply
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
can you teacch how to solve that🙏
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
Alfred Reply
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Music inquiry. OpenStax CNX. Mar 18, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11455/1.4
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