<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

The residency

USA’s redesigned leadership program is unique, with the semester-long residency as its distinguishing trait. Residents work under the supervision of experienced, effective principals to observe, participate in, and lead teachers to improve student achievement. All other post-secondary institutions in Alabama opted for the ALSDE’s recommended ten consecutive days in schools to define their internship.



Residents’ leadership skills were evaluated with the Leadership Practices Inventory® (LPI), a series of on-line surveys that includes a self-assessment, a principal’s evaluation, and feedback from one to as many as five observers. Jim Kouzes and Barry Posner created the LPI in 2003 to “dispel two popular myths about leadership: First, that leadership is an innate quality people are born with, and second, that only a select few can lead successfully” (p. 3). Instead, the authors “concentrated on people in middle management whose daily lives were on the front lines, leading community and school projects, managing departments, running programs, starting small businesses, opening new sales territories, and expanding product lines” (p.3).

Kouzes and Posner identified Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership® (Model the Way, Inspire a Shared Vision, Challenge the Process, Enable Others to Act, and Encourage the Heart) to support their belief that “leadership has absolutely nothing to do with your position or your status and everything to do with your behavior . Leadership is an observable set of skills and abilities that both experienced and novice leaders can use to turn challenging opportunities into remarkable successes” (p. 3-4).

The Five Practices were validated through studies with resident advisors, officers of fraternities and sororities, student leaders, and leadership program participants. The framework exemplifies statistical significance in professional student populations and on the impact these practices have on individual leadership development.


Mentors were oriented to the redesigned program during the summer and six weeks before the first cohort began its residency. They were asked to identify activities at their schools to give residents opportunities to practice leadership. They also were asked to complete a Resident Performance Evaluation (see Appendix A) for each of the 19 ability statements (see Appendix B) included in the residency and to use those evaluations in formative discussions with residents about instructional leadership.

Each resident completed the LPI (see Appendix C) twice during the residency, once near the beginning of the school term, and again two-thirds of the way through the semester. Program faculty used LPI results to guide formative discussions with residents about their performance. At the end of the program, mentor and resident feedback was collected (see Appendix D) and (see Appendix E)


Results from this study include the LPI, Mentor Principals’ Evaluations of the Redesigned Instructional Leadership Program, Leadership Practice Inventory ratings for Cohorts 1-3 of Residents’ Leadership Skills during a One-Semester Residency, Residents’ Self-Assessments, Residents’ Perceptions of their Growth in Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership during a One-Semester Practicum, and Student Cohort Evaluation of the Redesigned Instructional Leadership Program.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Preparing instructional leaders. OpenStax CNX. Jun 13, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11324/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Preparing instructional leaders' conversation and receive update notifications?