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Relatively few publishers offer an online version exclusively. See Ware (2005a). Exceptions include journals that have discontinued print while converting to an open-access model, or the approximately 3,300 open-access journals that have never published a print edition in the first place. Most of which are listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals ( (External Link) ).

If a journal’s print subscriber base were to decline substantially, the journal’s variable cost structure would change—possibly affecting a journal’s pricing—as overall printing costs decline while per-unit costs increase. At the same time, the advent of high-quality print-on-demand technologies makes it possible for publishers—even for image-intensive journals requiring high production values—to continue offering print editions even as the number of print subscribers approaches zero.

Institutional subscription pricing

As noted in Chapter Four, a lack of discipline-specific data will make it difficult for most societies to estimate institutional subscriber preferences by delivery medium with any precision. To mitigate the risk caused by this uncertainty, a society can design a journal’s pricing to yield approximately the same revenue contribution irrespective of format, thus minimizing the net revenue effect of the market’s uptake of one purchase option over another. This approach renders the society indifferent, from a financial perspective, to the delivery format an institutional subscriber selects. In this way, the society can manage the migration of journal revenue from print to online and project revenue with confidence, regardless of the pace of change in market preference for one format over another.

The same approach described for member dues options can be applied to institutional pricing. First, the society needs to determine its revenue objective—for example, whether to maintain current net income levels or to increase revenue slightly to offset the incremental costs of online publication. The society can then use its existing print price, along with its variable cost of goods sold for delivering print, to establish pricing that render it more or less indifferent to institutional subscription uptake by medium.

The table below illustrates how a society could price its print and online options to remain more or less revenue-neutral. (Given the complexity of uptake assumptions for each of the format options, we simply show revenue contribution on an individual subscription basis.) The table assumes that a society is committed to producing both a print and online edition.

Example: Net Revenue Effects of Various Subscription Options, on a Unit Basis

As the table indicates, the online-only and dual media options will yield higher returns (roughly equivalent to the variable print cost of goods sold) than will the print-only option.

Comparative price analysis

How much latitude a society will have to adjust its pricing—for example, to cover new costs associated with online distribution—will depend in part on the journal’s current price. As a society considers its online pricing options, it should also evaluate how the journal’s current print price compares with other journals in the same or related fields. There are some specialized pricing studies available, although these tend to be one-time studies that age quickly. See, for example, White and Creaser (2004) and (2007). One of the more useful recurring analyses is that published each April in Library Journal . For 2008, see Van Orsdel and Born (2008). The LJ periodicals price index surveys journals covered by several Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) databases—Arts&Humanities Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index, and the Science Citation Index—as well as titles in EBSCO Publishing’s Academic Search Premier. The annual pricing survey published by Allen Press (Kean (2007)) summarizes other journal pricing indexes for society journals in science and medicine. The Library Journal price index provides four-year pricing information for journals, including breakdowns by the following Library of Congress subject areas:

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Transitioning a society journal online: a guide to financial and strategic issues. OpenStax CNX. Aug 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11222/1.1
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