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This module is the exercise to implement FIR filtering in TI TMS320C62x assembly.

Implementation of fir filters in assembly

Storing filter coefficients

Rather than defining the filter coefficients in your main assembly program file, it is usually more convenient tostore them in a separate file. By defining the coefficients in a separate assembly (for example, coeff.asm ) file, you can load the coefficients at a desired memory location at the run time,although it is not essential for the current simple FIR filtering lab.

The assembly file containing the filter coefficients can be written as follows:

.def _coef .sect "coeffs" _coef: .short 0ff9bh .short 0ff06h .short 0feffh .short 0ff93h .short 070h .short 0117h .short 0120h .short 07bh

Each coefficient must be converted to the Q-15 format and defined by each .short assembly directive. For your convenience, I wrote a short MATLABscript save_coef.m that converts the filter coefficients stored as a MATLAB vector to Q-15 format andthen writes to a file exactly in the above format. (You can download save_coef.m from the course web page.) The section coeffs should be defined in the link command file so that the coefficients are tobe loaded at the correct memory location.

You can simply include the coeff.asm using the .include directive at the beginning of your main assembly program.

Make coefficient files for each of the filters you designed in the previous exercise.

Assembly implementation

Based on the codec input and output program you have written in the previous labs, you can now implement areal-time FIR filtering algorithm.

Write an assembly routine that implements the FIR filter by modifying the inner product program you havewritten in Lab 3. Combine the FIR filtering routine with the interrupt-based codec input-output code youwrote in the previous lab. Your code should perform FIR filtering on the input samples and output thefiltered result to the codec. Both the left and right channels should be filtered. To write the designedMATLAB vector of filter coefficients as a .asm file, use the provided save_coef.m matlab function. First implement the length-40 lowpass filter with 10kHzcutoff designed using the remez.m .

Implementation using circular addressing modes

As you might already have noticed, a lot of cycles are wasted in FIR filtering while maintaining the buffer tosee if you reached the end of buffer and update the address pointers properly. To avoid this unnecessarybuffer maintenance, the TI DSP processors have a special addressing mode, called circular addressing . Using circular addressing, you can define a block ofmemory as a circular buffer. As you increase (or decrease) the pointer register pointing to the buffer index beyondthe buffer limit, it automatically points to the other end of the buffer, implementing a circle of data array.Instead of moving the data samples themselves, you can move the pointer which specifies the beginning of thebuffer, as each new sample is processed. You don't need to check if you reached the end of buffer because the addresspointer returns to the beginning of the buffer immediately after reaching the end.

Of the 32 registers on the C6x, 8 of them can perform circular addressing. These registers are A4 through A7and B4 through B7. Since circular addressing is not default, each of these registers must be specified ascircular using the AMR (Address Mode Register) register. The lower 16 bits of the AMR are used to select the mode for each of the 8 registers. The upper 10 bits (6 are reserved) areused to set the length of the circular buffer. Buffer size is determined by 2 N 1 bytes, where N is the value appearing in the block size fields of the AMR register. The top address of the buffer needs to be aligned with proper physical memory blockaddress using the .align assembler directive.

First read TMS320C62x/C67x CPU and Instruction Set Reference Guide to learn how to define circularbuffers. Modify your FIR filtering assembly code to use circular addressing modes. After optimizing yourcode as much as you can, count the number of required clock cycles for each FIR filter outputcomputation. Compare the number with the code written without circular addressing.

Questions & Answers

what is math number
Tric Reply
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
Alfred Reply
An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of $9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
Kala Reply
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
Moses Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Alexandra Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
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Shirleen Reply
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I'm 13 and I understand it great
I am 1 year old but I can do it! 1+1=2 proof very hard for me though.
Not really they are just easy concepts which can be understood if you have great basics. I am 14 I understood them easily.
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
If f(x) = x-2 then, f(3) when 5f(x+1) 5((3-2)+1) 5(1+1) 5(2) 10
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
make 5/4 into a mixed number, make that a decimal, and then multiply 32 by the decimal 5/4 turns out to be
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
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Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
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A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Finite impulse response. OpenStax CNX. Feb 16, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10226/1.1
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