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This is a processor exercise in which students implement a spectrum analyzer using mixed C and assembly code. Students are to acquire a block of 1024 samples, apply a Hamming window, compute a length-1024 Discrete Fourier Transform using provided Fast Fourier Transform code, and display the magnitude-squared spectrum on an oscilloscope. Students will also compile and explore a reference implementation of an autocorrelation-based power spectral density (PSD) estimator. This implementation estimates the PSD of an IIR-filtered pseudo-noise generator. This version of the module contains code that is compatible with the Very Portable Optimizer (VPO). This code serves as a basis for introducing VPO and the VISTA viewer in an optimization lab.

Implementation

As this is your first experience with the C environment, you will have the option to add most of the required code in C or assembly.A C skeleton will provide access to input samples, output samples, and interrupt handling code. You will add code to transfer theinputs and outputs (in blocks at a time), apply a hamming window, compute the magnitude-squared spectrum, and include a trigger pulse.After the hamming window is created, either an assembly or C module that bit reverses the input and performs an FFT calculation is called.

As your spectrum analyzer works on a block of samples at a time, you will need to use interrupts to pause your processingwhile samples are transferred from/to the CODEC (A/D and D/A) buffer. Fortunately, the interrupt handling routines havebeen written for you in a C shell program available at v:\ece420\54x\dspclib\lab4main.c and the core code.

Interrupt basics

Interrupts are an essential part of the operation of any microprocessor. They are particularly important in embeddedapplications where DSPs are often used. Hardware interrupts provide a way for interacting with external devices whilethe processor executes code. For example, in a key entry system, a key press would generate a hardware interrupt.The system code would then jump to a specified location in program memory where a routine could process the key input.Interrupts provide an alternative to polling. Instead of checking for key presses at a predetermined rate (requires aclock), the system could be busy executing other code. On the TI-C54x DSP, interrupts provide a convenient way totransfer blocks of data to/from the CODEC in a timely fashion.

Interrupt handling

The lab4main.c code and the core code are intended to make your interaction with the hardware much simpler. Asthere was a core file for working in the assembly environment (Labs 0-3), there is a core file for the C environment(V:\ece420\54x\dspclib\core.asm) which handles the interrupts from the CODEC (A/D and D/A) and the serial port. Here, wewill describe the important aspects of the core code necessary to complete the assignment.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
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Source:  OpenStax, Digital signal processing laboratory (ece 420). OpenStax CNX. Sep 27, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10236/1.14
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