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This manuscript has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and endorsed by the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a significant contribution to the scholarship and practice of education administration. In addition to publication in the Connexions Content Commons, this module is published in the International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation , Volume 5, Number 1 (January – March 2010). Formatted and edited in Connexions by Julia Stanka, Texas A&M University.

Immigration in the united states and spain: consideration for educational leaders


This book was germinated a result of a recent academic symposium in Spain. At that time, the editors reflected on how wonderful it would be to disseminate the most critical components affecting immigration in the world today via print form. The first great effort was a book printed in Spanish with Toma Calvo Buezas as the editor. The editors of this current book worked with several of the symposium presenters to develop a book in English that would be of interest to not only leaders, educators, and/or academicians, but also to a broader readership.

It is important for us to bring this text to the public in an open access format. Knowledge is to be shared for the generation of thought and action, and we believe that it can be shared in a free market and open access. Without that, knowledge is limited to only those who can afford the printed text. The Rice University Connexions Project and the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) have worked together to provide such access in an online venue. We first acknowledge the work that these two entities have done to open the knowledge base to the world. The people behind this work who introduced us to Connexions are Rich Baraniuk from Rice University and Theodore (Ted) Creighton from Virginia Tech (when we were first introduced to this concept, Ted was at Sam Houston State University and was Executive Director of the NCPEA). We thank you guys for this tremendously genius vision.

We acknowledge all the people who have helped us get this book finalized and placed in Connexions. In particular, we thank Jane Xhang, Graduate Assistant, Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling in the College of Education at Sam Houston State University, for her help in putting together the papers in the initial phases. We appreciate the assistance of Adriana Morales, Bilingual Programs Assistant in the Department of Educational Psychology, College of Education and Human Development at Texas A&M University for helping with translations or communication with the authors. Finally, we are indebted to Julia Stanka, Research Associate in the Bilingual Programs at Texas A&M University. Julia actually served in the capacity of an assistant editor for this book, and was the architect of the chapter designs in NCPEA Connexions. She spent countless hours helping us bring this book to fruition; it was our pleasure to work with her on this project.

We thank the authors and their valuable insights on international immigration issues. Their scholarly opinions and work are expressed openly herein, and each has provided the rich reading content in their respective chapters. Finally, we acknowledge the readers of the book and hope that within this text, they will find intellectual stimulation and a challenge to action related to immigrant issues around the world.


Rafael Lara-Alecio

Beverly J. Irby

Tomás Calvo-Buezas

Tito Guerrero


Tomás Calvo-Buezas

Part one: hispanics in the unites states, immigrants in spain

Dr. rogelio saenz&Carlos siordia

The changing demography of Latino immigrants in the United States: From 1980 to Present

Dr. nicolás bajo santos

Strategies and processes of adaptation in immigration

Dr. héctor luis díaz

The socio-economic development of Hispanics in the United States: In search of a theory.

Dr. tomás calvo buezas

The emigration of foreign workers to Spain: A new and relevant phenomenon in the history of Spain

Ildefonso gutiérrez azopardo

A reflection: The other faces of immigration

Dr. beverly j. irby and dr. rafael lara-alecio

Upon the schoolhouse steps: Immigration and education

Part two:education for immigrant children

Kelly chaudry

Bilingual Education: Past, present, future

Secundino valladares

Diglossia, assimilation, and bilingualism among the Hispanics of the United States

María antonia casanova

Education of migrant students in the community of Madrid

Dr. isabel gentil garcía

Immigrants in a municipality near Madrid: Teaching Spanish and Health Education

Juan josé jiménez garcía

My experience as a professor in an Institute with immigrants in Extremadura

Dr. josé luis calvo buezas

Knowledge of the language, the learning, and the intercultural coexistence

Part three: the political struggle of hispanics in the united states

Dr. josé ángel gutiérrez

The Chicano movement: dead or alive?

Dr. orlando rodriguez

The criminal justice system as an assimilation milieu for the Hispanic immigrant

Dr. alejandro del carmen

The threat of terrorism in the United States: The emotional answer of a nation in war

Dr. roberto r. treviño

Racial attitudes and religious social work: The Texas-Mexican and the U.S. Catholic Church.

Father josé gil marqués

A reflection: Function of the religiousness in the Hispanic community in the U.S. and its comparison with Spain

Part four: social, cultural, and religions issue

Dr. domingo barbolla camarero

Faith as an instrument of integration in Islamic immigrants: The case of Extremadura (Spain), a new civilization

Dr. carlos junquera rubio

Immigration and religion: Rituals alive today in Peru and Spain

Dr. carlota solé and dr. sonia parella

Non-communitarian immigrant women in the work market in Spain

Dr. juan luis recio adrados

AIDS prevention among Latino teens: The role of family acculturation

Dr. juan josé garcía

A reflection on the expansion of mass media in Spanish in the United States: The success story of La Opinión of Los Angeles

Dr. tito guerrero iii

The Changing Hispanic/Latino Population in Texas and the United States

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, Immigration in the united states and spain: consideration for educational leaders. OpenStax CNX. Dec 20, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11150/1.1
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