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The invention of the integrated circuit came about as the result of his being left nearly alone at Texas Instruments not long after he was hired in 1958. The plant he was working at shut down for a summer holiday, but as a new hire, he didn't have any vacation time coming. As a result, he was able to spend some time pondering how to further shrink the size of the transistor. From Kilby's recollection of the invention of the integrated circuit:

"Further thought led me to the conclusion that semiconductors were all that were really required - that resistors and capacitors, in particular, could be made from the same material as the active devices.

"I also realized that, since all of the components could be made of a single material, they could also be made in situ, interconnected to form a complete circuit. I then quickly sketched a proposed design for a flip-flop using these components. Resistors were provided by bulk effect in the silicon, and capacitors by p-n junctions."

Texas Instruments made the invention public in March 1959, and received the first patent for the device. Robert Noyce, who eventually cofounded Intel with Gordon Moore, was also working on the integrated circuit around the same time at Fairfield Semiconductor and is credited with making mass production of the integrated circuit feasible.

In addition to also receiving over 60 patents, Kilby was a 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics recipient for his invention of the integrated circuit.

'humble giant' hailed for inventing integrated circuit

Computer maker launches observance of 1958 development

September 9, 1997Web posted at: 9:12 p.m. EDT (0112 GMT)

DALLAS (CNN) -- He's a tall, non-assuming man who speaks in a modest voice that resounds with a gentle Texas twang. It would be hard to pick him out as one of the most important men of this century. But Jack Kilby is.

Almost 40 years ago this week, Kilby came into work on a day off and put together an invention that came to be called the integrated circuit. It was one of the most significant developments of the 20th century.

CNN's Charles Zewe reports 2 min., 30 sec. VXtreme streaming video

"It looked like a useful idea and one that was worth pursuing," the Dallas engineer said in a recent CNN interview.

It certainly was.

Kilby's integrated circuit became to the information age what the internal combustion engine was to the automobile.

Almost no aspect of modern life has been untouched by the integrated circuit. It runs everything from fax machines and computers to telephones and televisions.

"It affects you every day of your life .. probably 10 times every hour," said Thomas Engibous, Texas Instruments president.

Texas Instruments in Dallas has launched a year-long observance of Kilby's September 12, 1958, discovery.

The company has named a new $154 million digital chip research center after him and given his foundation $1 million to honor scientists and inventors.

Known as the "humble giant" around Texas Instruments' headquarters for his height and soft-spoken modesty, Kilby claims to be computer illiterate.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Source:  OpenStax, Solid state physics and devices-the harbinger of third wave of civilization. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11170/1.89
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