<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Social sciences


Grade 9

Human rights during the second world war

Module 1

Human rights and racism:a universal blot on humanity

Learning activity 1:

Human rights and racism: a universal blot on humanity


Racism is a shameful blot on the human race that has tainted every country on the Earth – it is the repulsive habit of many people to use the colour of a person’s skin as a measure for rating his or her value as a human being.

Up to a million people, mostly Tutsis, were exterminated in Rwanda in 1994 on account of their ethnic origin. Ethnic cleansing also was a common factor in the large number of wars fought during the last decade in what used to be Yugoslavia and has now been subdivided to form the regions of Serbia, Kosovo, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro and Macedo

nia. Mass rape was a general occurrence in the Balkans and still is in the Congo (Kinshasa).

The crudest levels of racism are revealed through slavery and during wartime. In this regard we may think of extremes ranging from the eradication of six million Jews during the Second World war on the orders of Adolf Hitler to the hardly discernible ways of practising it at the workplace and elsewhere.

In South Africa, in the post-apartheid era, there is hardly a shortage of white, coloured and black racists from all levels of society. Such people often justify their adherence to their inclination by some motivation based in the past, referring to a past war or the political situation that prevailed over the past four centuries.

In Zimbabwe, white farmers are driven off the land by means of thuggery because President Robert Mugabe neglected to address the issue of land reform during his twenty years in govern

ment, to the detriment of all of Southern Africa.

Equal numbers of black and white people are murdered in the United States, but 80% of exe

cutions following court cases since 1977 have resulted from the murder of whites.

In India, the police and the judicial system are implicated in the caste system, which is referred to as “concealed apartheid”. More than 160 million Dalits are regularly exposed to a range of human rights abuses that are not investigated. At a conference on human rights, a Dalit man last year told of how his wife, daughter and two sons were burnt alive when mem

bers of a higher Hindu caste set fire to three huts. His oldest son, the first person from their village to obtain a university degree, had also been mur

dered by Hindus two years previously.

In Turkey, 13 million Kurds go un

recognized and any reference to them is punishable with a jail term. Gypsies are regarded as inferior and as criminals and they are subject to assault all over Europe.

Twenty-five indigenous community leaders in Honduras, in Central Ame

rica, were killed over the last number of years because of their campaign for the protection of their rights. In Guate

mala, indigenous groups who, during the war of the seventies and eighties, suffered mass rape, amongst other indignities, are still struggling for recognition. They are not permitted to use their mother tongue during court proceedings.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, History grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11063/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'History grade 9' conversation and receive update notifications?