<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Information-processing theory is a psychological theory about how we process and learn information. Clearly, this is a topic that is atthe core of the everyday work of a classroom teacher, so let's spend some time exploring this theory and how it applies in the classroom.

Human cognitive architecture

The phrase human cognitive architecture is just a fancy academic way of referring to the areas of the human brain involved inthinking. Don't be dazzled by this term—it means little more than what I've just told you.

But now we're going to explore the details of human cognitive architecture and show why this is such an important topic forclassroom teachers to understand.

Thinking wasn't always fashionable

Before we discuss cognitive architecture we should first say that it used to be the case that few scholars wished to speculate about howthe mind thinks. Researchers known as “behaviorists” preferred to talk only about observable aspects of learning—in other words, what was put into the system (e.g., teachers' questions) andwhat came out of it (e.g., students' responses). In fact, there was fierce resistance among these folks to use terms such as “think”because there could be no direct observation of thinking; therefore, any claim about thinking must necessarily be restricted to conjectureand was thus off-limits. A few of these folks are still around today, but most of them have been converted to a new way of— dare I say it? —thinking.

Information processing

Long ago and far away, in the late 1960s and throughout the 1970s, researchers became increasingly dissatisfied with the behavioristexplanations of learning and began to work on some new models explaining how people learn. Most famously, Richard Atkinson andRichard Shiffrin (1968) proposed a cognitive model describing how the mind processes information. This model remainspopular even today, so we will take a close look at it now.

Although somewhat oversimplified when compared to more recent work in this field, Atkinson and Shiffrin's model has become known simply as“the information-processing model.” The basic notion of this model is that it tracks the flow of information as new knowledge moves fromthe entry point toward permanent storage within the information-processing system. The model proposes three storagecompartments (see [link] ), known as “stores,” which hold information at various points duringprocessing.

Atkinson and Shiffrin's (1968) information-processing model. Note that short-term memory is now more commonly known as“working memory.”

Sensory memory

The first store is known as sensory memory. This is the entry point for all information coming into the system. Specifically,the kinds of information that sensory memory processes are signals from the five senses: sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch.Because these senses are always up and running, they are continuously delivering new data to the sensory memory (even during sleep). Take amoment to close your eyes and notice the information from your other four senses that you were unaware of when you began reading thisparagraph (e.g., whether your chair is cushioned or hard, whether your neck feels warm or cool, etc.).

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
Researchers demonstrated that the hippocampus functions in memory processing by creating lesions in the hippocampi of rats, which resulted in ________.
Mapo Reply
The formulation of new memories is sometimes called ________, and the process of bringing up old memories is called ________.
Mapo Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play




Source:  OpenStax, Oneonta epsy 275. OpenStax CNX. Jun 11, 2013 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11446/1.6
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Oneonta epsy 275' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask