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Sosiale wetenskappe: geskiedenis

Graad 6

Ontwikkeling van die mediese wetenskap

Module 3

Pasteur en lister oorwin kieme

Virusse, kieme en bakterieë is onsigbaar en is oral in die lug om ons teenwoordig. Wetenskaplikes sê dat virusse miljoen keer kleiner is as 'n millimeter. Ons asem elke dag baie virusse in, maar gelukkig word ons nie altyd siek nie. (Ek wonder wat 'n rekenaarvirus is?)

Die persoon wat uitgevind het hoe siektes werklik veroorsaak word, is Louis Pasteur. Hy het vasgestel dat die lug om ons vol kieme is, kieme wat so klein is dat dit net met 'n sterk mikroskoop sigbaar is. Hierdie kieme veroorsaak dat, onder meer, kos en melk gou sleg word as dit nie op die regte manier bewaar word nie.

Die ontdekking van die proses wat Pasteur beroemd gemaak het, dra ook sy naam: pasteurisasie. Hy het bewys dat voedsel lank bewaar kan word as dit kiemvry is. Hy het gevind dat as melk verhit word tot onderkant kookpunt en weer dadelik afgekoel word, die kieme of bakterieë daarin doodgaan. Hierdie proses word pasteurisasie genoem en word vandag in melkerye gebruik.

Hierdie ontdekking het gemaak dat feitlik alle kossoorte, bv. vleis, vis, groente en vrugte kiemvry in houers of blikkies ingemaak kan word. Die voedsel word in die blik gekook totdat dit kiemvry is en dan verseël. Hierdie voedsel kan lank veilig bewaar word.

Aktiwiteit 1:

Hoe om bronne te bekom en te gebruik

[lu 1.2, 2.1]

KLASGESPREK

a) Gebruik meegaande vrae om die gesprek te begin. Daarna kan jul jul eie vrae vra!

  • Watter melk is die veiligste om te drink: die melk in ‘n houer in die kafee, of die heerlike vars melk wat op ‘n plaas gekoop word en direk van die koeie kom? Hoekom?
  • Sê hoe jul melk kiemvry kan maak.
  • Soek vyf voedselitems in jul huis en kyk op die etikette of dit gepasteuriseer is.
  • Hoekom hou blikkieskos lank?

b) Navorsing

Die entstof teen die gevreesde hondsdolheid is seker een van Pasteur se belangrikste ontdekkings. Hy kon nie die oorsaak van die siekte vasstel nie, want die virus was te klein om met sy mikroskoop waar te neem. Hy het egter entstof uit die rugmurg van besmette hase gemaak om mense te behandel wat deur dol honde gebyt is. Die entstof het hy op 6 Julie 1885 op ‘n negejarige seun, Joseph Meister, wat drie dae tevore deur ‘n dol hond gebyt is, gebruik. Die seun het gesond geword en die entstof was ‘n groot sukses. Verder moet jy self in ‘n boek gaan naslaan wat gebeur het …

Verskaf die spesifieke woord(e) wat jou gehelp het om die res van bg. inligting te bekom in die:

  • Inhoudsopgawe
  • Indeks

Aktiwiteit 2:

Om te verstaan dat verskillende sieninge oor pasteur reg of verkeerd kan wees

[lu 2.1]

Louis Pasteur wil graag hierdie entstof teen hondsdolheid vir die eerste keer op ‘n mens toets.

  • Verduidelik namens hom wat die moontlikhede kan wees indien die eksperiment slaag.
  • Wat gaan sy alternatiewe wees as dit misluk?
  • Watter keuse het Pasteur gemaak?
  • Wat sou jy gedoen het? Hoekom?

Hou ‘n klasgesprek oor die volgende en voltooi dan die opdragte.

  • Watter lewensles wil hy vir ons leer?
  • Noem vier mooi eienskappe van Pasteur.
  • Jy word gevra om ‘n inskripsie op ‘n gedenksteen wat vir Louis Pasteur opgerig gaan word, te skryf. Skryf dit in die raam hieronder.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11008/1.1
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