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Social sciences

History

Grade 8

Land and power

Module 2

The historian and sources

Source A is a good example of a newspaper article that is compiled from different sources. Not only are the opinions of the two opposing parties quoted directly, but background is also provided: e.g. letters from Cosatu, as well as mention of the mediation by the minister of labour and the numbers of workers that did not go on strike. The reader is able to sort out the facts and form an own opinion .

The letters to which the article refers are the primary sources , because, just like an eyewitness report, they provide first-hand information and were recorded at the same time as the events that took place. A secondary source is based on information that comes from primary sources and can even provide a new perspective on things that happened centuries after the events took place. A fact (unchangeable and provable) differs from an opinion , which can be a conclusion that is not necessarily supported by the facts.

Propaganda is based on facts that are taken out of context, suppressed or distorted to proclaim a specific standpoint. Prejudice/bias does not maintain a balance between the two sides of an issue and partiality is usually based on strong emotions and often excludes reasonableness and balance.

Because the historian has to evaluate different sources in his search for facts, he has to compare the different sources. He looks for sources that agree so that facts that differ can be examined. This means that the historian must read and listen carefully, so that he can take propaganda, prejudice and partiality in any source into account.

Activity 1: group discussion [lo 3.3, 3.7]

Discussion questions :

1. When can we say that someone is telling a lie?

2. Should you tell your friend that she is wearing an ugly jersey, that you do not like it?

3. Are you stealing if you quickly copy your friend’s work if you have forgotten to do your homework?

Assess yourself in terms of the following :

Source a: assessment of application of concepts to source a

  • Once again, read paragraph three of Source A, which contains the words of advocate Etienne Vermaak.

What follows are quotations from Source A that you need to evaluate.

  • Read the quotation. Underline one of the words between brackets that you believe is best suited to the quotation and then give a reason for your choice.

1 (a) “We stick to the offer of 8% and the minimum wage of R1 900 per month.”

(Fact / Opinion) /3/

(b) “The strike might still last a while__________________________________”

(Fact / Opinion) /3/

2. Samwa’s statement is given in paragraph 5. Read it again.

(a) Now underline the word between brackets that best suits the statement and motivate your answer, as in number 1.

(Prejudice / Partiality) /3/

(b) The following people acknowledge that their actions display partiality:

Aunt Sally’s naughty son John is always good, she says. Pasqual’s mother always makes the most wonderful food. Thembo’s dog is the best in the whole of Africa.

Be honest and write down an issue / person about which you are partial./1/

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Good
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
what is hormones?
Wellington
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11044/1.1
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