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Life orientation

Grade 4

Physical development and movement

Module 17

Safety in the water

Safety in the water

Activity 1

To be familiar with the contents of a newspaper article [lo 4.5]

Group activity

Read the following translated extract from the KleinBurger of 26 August 2002:

Prevent accidents at home

Accidents involving children like you only happen far from home. Wrong!

Approximately 75% of the accidents that could possibly happen to you, happen in and around the home. About ten children younger than 15 die every day as a result of car accidents, drowning, poisoning, burning and violence.

Sorry about this dreadful news. But how else can you be made aware of the facts? CAPFSA (Child Accident Prevention Foundation) set aside a week per year to make these shocking facts known to the public so that everyone can make an effort to prevent this unacceptably high incidence of accidents and fatalities.

Your safety has nothing to do with luck. There are certain rules that you and your parents must take seriously and must adhere to.

You possibly have to look after your younger brothers and sisters when your parents go out. The information and hints given to KleinBurger by Nelmarie du Toit of CAPFSA are applicable to your own safety and the safety of other children who may be left in your care at times. Put it up in a prominent spot in your home.


Happens mostly in rivers, then in dams and then in swimming pools.

Little children must never be left alone in the bath.

Buckets filled with water must not be left in or around the home. These are death traps.

Wounds caused by burning

The Red Cross Children’s Hospital treats approximately 900 children for burns annually. These accidents SHOULD ACTUALLY NEVER HAVE HAPPENED. Hot liquids such as water, coffee, oil, tea and other foodstuffs cause the most burns.

When running a bath, always run the cold water first and then the hot water.

Remember that matches, lighters and fire are not toys!

If your clothes should catch fire, stand still, fall to the ground and roll to extinguish the flames.

Should you burn, you can cool the burns for 15 minutes with cold water.


Poisoning is mainly caused by medicines, paraffin and chemicals or detergents used for cleaning purposes that are stored in places where children can easily find them. (Children, you must stop rummaging in your mother’s cupboards – KleinBurger is sure she has told you time and again that you are not allowed to nose around in certain places! Don’t be naughty!)

If there are very young children in the house one must be particularly careful. They open every bottle they lay their hands on.

Poisons should never be stored in the same cupboard as foodstuffs.


More than 40% of all injuries that are treated at the Red Cross Children’s Hospital are the results of falling out of trees, babies that fell after being left alone in high places and children who have fallen from climbing apparatus on the school grounds.

If you would like to read more about children’s safety, visit the capfsa website at www.altonsa.co.za/childsafe.

Activity 2

To talk as a group about safety measures in water [lo 4.5]

Group activity:

Form buzz groups and discuss the dangers that water could pose for children.

Now make a list of 10 rules for the prevention of accidents involving water.

Exchange ideas with the other groups.

The class can select the 10 best rules and make a poster containing them.

Put up the poster in the classroom.



The learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of, and participate in, activities that promote movement and physical development.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

4.5 identifies dangers and responsible safety measures in and around water.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11094/1.1
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